Recent Developments in System Ecology
This chapter considers whether the time is ripe to develop a theory — or rather a pattern of theories — for ecosystems? It is shown that it is possible based on one core hypothesis and 7 propositions to explain 30 other propositions, that are mainly based on ecosystem observations. The confirmation of these 30 propositions is based on tests on models and tests directed towards a hypothetical, already existing, pattern of ecosystem theories. It is therefore concluded that the time is ripe to develop a better theoretical basis for a more profound understanding of ecosystem behavior and properties.
KeywordsSystem ecology Ecosystem propositions Exergy Thermodynamics Pattern of ecosystem theories
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Dawkins RD (1989) The selfish gene, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Jørgensen SE (1982) A holistic approach to ecological modelling by application of thermodynamics. In: Mitsch W (ed) Systems and energy. Ann ArborGoogle Scholar
- Kauffman SA (1993) Origins of order. Self organization and selection in evolution. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Kay JJ (1984) Self organization in living systems [Thesis]. Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo, Ontario, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- Morowitz HJ (1968) Energy flow in biology. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Odum HT (1971) Environment, power, and society. Wiley Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Odum HT (1983) System ecology. Wiley Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Patten BC (1991) Network ecology: indirect determination of the life-environment relationship in ecosystems. In: Higashi M, Burns TP (eds) Theoretical studies of ecosystems: the network perspective. Cambridge University Press, pp 288–351Google Scholar
- Ulanowicz RE (1991) Formal agency in ecosystem development. In: Higashi M, Burns TP (eds) Theoretical studies of ecosystems: the network perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 340Google Scholar
- Ulanowicz RE (1997) Ecology, the ascendant perspective. Columbia University Press, New York, p 201Google Scholar