Surgery - an Overview

  • Jan Zurdel
  • Katrin Engelmann
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Since the late 1980s, surgical techniques have become available for submacular surgery in choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and associated subretinal hemorrhages secondary to age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Results of surgical removal of CNV are encouraging, given the poor prognosis for visual acuity in the natural course of the disease, and stabilization of vision seems to be the most likely outcome. However, although removal of CNV can be accomplished, the strong tendency toward recurrence is a pending threat for patients who have undergone surgery. Moreover, the operation itself causes damage to the tissue in the vicinity of the choroidal neovascular membrane and thus limits the benefits.


Visual Acuity Surgical Removal Retinal Sensitivity Subretinal Hemorrhage Submacular Hemorrhage 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Zurdel
    • 1
  • Katrin Engelmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

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