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Prothetische Versorgung des Kniegelenks

  • K. Stoffel
  • M. S. Kuster

Zusammenfassung

Der prothetische Kniegelenkersatz spielt in der heutigen Orthopädie eine wichtige Rolle. So wurden 1996 weltweit mehr als 400.000 Knieprothesen implantiert. Auch sind die Langzeitresultate von Knieprothesen sehr gut und mit denjenigen von Hüftprothesen vergleichbar. Eine gut zementierte und korrekt eingesetzte moderne Knieprothese hat eine über 90%ige Chance, 15 Jahre zu überleben. Viele verschiedene Prothesenmodelle sind heute auf dem Markt, das Angebot ist für den Orthopäden kaum mehr überblickbar. Nebst dem bi-/trikompartimentellen Oberflächenersatz ist auch die unikompartimentelle Knieprothese zu erwähnen, auf die wir im folgenden Kapitel nicht eingehen werden. Die bi-/trikompartimentalen Designs können entsprechend dem Führungsgrad der Prothese in verschiedene Kategorien eingeteilt werden (Abb. 16.1).

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Stoffel
  • M. S. Kuster

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