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One and Two Way Packaging in the Dairy Sector

  • Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard
  • Jo van Nunen
  • Jurriaan Vroom
  • Ad van der Linden
  • Annemarie Kraal
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 519)

Abstract

Choosing packaging material for dairy products and soft drinks is an interesting issue at the moment. Discussions arise on the costs impacts and environmental impacts of both one way packaging and reusable packaging. The aim of this article is to develop an evaluation tool providing costs and environmental impacts of the PC-bottle and the GT-packs in the dairy sector, considering forward and return flows. The evaluation tool enables the user to analyse the costs and environmental impacts of a supply chain with and without return flows using scenario analyses with respect to the use of various carrier types and the number of return loops. It appears that costs differences between PC-bottles and GT-pack are quite small. The PC bottle has a better environmental profile than the GT-pack. Scenario analysis on the carriers results in the advice to use preferably roll-in-containers with direct delivery, secondly roll-in-containers with delivery via distribution centers, thirdly in case of direct delivery either cartons or crates and cartons in case of delivery via distribution centers.

Keywords

Supply Chain Environmental Impact Life Cycle Assessment Supply Chain Management Packaging Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard
    • 1
  • Jo van Nunen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jurriaan Vroom
    • 3
  • Ad van der Linden
    • 3
  • Annemarie Kraal
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Deloitte & Touche BakkenistAmsterdamthe Netherlands
  3. 3.Campina Melkunie B.V.Logistics Center of ExpertiseWoerdenThe Netherlands

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