Monitoring Lake Kinneret and Its Watershed: Forming the Basis for Management of a Water Supply Lake
Lake Kinneret is the only large water surface source in Israel, with an area of 167 km2 in a watershed of 2730 km2, and supplies some 30% of the country’s freshwater. Monitoring water quantities and qualities in the lake and its watershed provides the basis for current operation and for decision making in planning management of the watershed, the lake, and proposed engineering projects. This chapter describes the physical setting, the management issues, the structure of the monitoring system and the way in which it has been operated and developed, mainly in the last 3 years. The Monitoring Task Force, set up by the Water Commissioner in 1998, coordinates the monitoring work of all organizations and guides improvements of the monitoring system, by introducing new sampling and analysis techniques.
KeywordsBiomass Phosphorus Magnesium Sulfide Chlorophyll
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Berman T (1996a) The Kinneret - Sea of Galilee. Ariel 98: 27–43Google Scholar
- Berman T (1996b) Water quality of Lake Kinneret in the years 1994/95: an exceptional phenomena in quantity, activity and types of algae. IOLR reports T 5/95, 20 p. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
- Gafny S, Gasith A (1993) Effect of low water level on the water quality of the littoral zone in Lake Kinneret. Water Sci Technol 27 (7–8): 363–371Google Scholar
- Goldman C (1988) Primary productivity, nutrients, and transparency during early onset of eutrophication in ultra-oligotrophic Lake Tahoe, California-Nevada Limnol Oceanogr 33(6,1): 1321–1333Google Scholar
- Goldshmidt MJ, Arad A, Neev D. (1967) The mechanism of saline springs in the Lake Tiberias depression. Geological Survey of Israel Bull. Hydrol Sery Hydrol Pap 11: 1–19Google Scholar
- Gophen M, Serruya S, Therelkeld S (1990) Long term patterns in nutrients, phytoplankton and zooplankton of Lake Kinneret and future predictions for ecosystem structure. Arch Hydrobiol 118(4): 449–460Google Scholar
- http://wri.technion.ac.il/cgi-bin/abstract.htmlGoogle Scholar
- http://www.cwr.uwa.edu.au/~contract/Currentprojects/kinneret.htmlGoogle Scholar
- Kessler S (1999) Development, utilization and the state of the water sources in Israel until fall 1998. Hydrological Service Publications ISSN-0793–1093 280 p. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
- Kolodny Y, Shamir U, Dubinsky Z, Markel D (2000) The state of Lake Kinneret and its watershed (summer — fall 1999). Water Commission Publications, 23 p. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
- Rom M, Berger D, Show M (2000) Monitoring Lake Kinneret: a new approach to the sampling alignment and parameter evaluation. Mekorot Water Company Reports. 16 p. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
- Walline P, Pisanty S, Gophen M, Berman T (1993) The ecosystem of Lake Kinneret, Israel. Isr Oceanogr Limnol Res Collect Reprints 19(Part 2): 822–828Google Scholar