Skip to main content

Disaster Management and Cyclone Warning System in Bangladesh

  • Chapter

Abstract

Due to its geographical position, Bangladesh is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world. Natural hazards, i.e. cyclones, storm surges and floods extract heavy tolls on human lives and animals. Tremendous property damages, and the total disruption of development activities of the country occur almost every year. With about 120 million people living within 144000 km2 of land, Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is estimated that a total 775 303 people died in the coastal and offshore islands of Bangladesh within the last 222 years (1775–1997) due to cyclone and storm surges alone. The main causes of these huge casualties were:

  1. 1.

    A weak cyclone warning and weather forecasting system,

  2. 2.

    false alarm with no cyclone/storm event, despite of high warning signals,

  3. 3.

    no disaster awareness programmes were implemented in advance.

There are about 15.0 million people living in the vulnerable areas, covering 21 000 km2 of coastal and offshore islands of Bangladesh which comprise 14.8% of the land of the country. Although 1.3 million are accommodated in a total of 1 350 cyclone shelters in these areas, and a further 2.3 million people can be accommodated in school and office buildings, 11.0 million people (about 73.3%) are still unsafe. The Government of Bangladesh has given emphasis and priority to developing of the weather forecasting system using satellite imageries and computer methods. So, now cyclone warning signal can be given and disseminated to the community/vulnerable people as early as possible, by radio, television and information media at frequent interval during the event of a cyclone strike. Bangladesh has already established and set up a Disaster Management Bureau to coordinate disaster management through national to local level to pursue the objectives of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, IDNDR (1990–2000) to develop disaster awareness. One cyclone event was already successfully predicted on May 19th, 1997, which had a similar intensity to the May 25th, 1985 cyclone (where 11 069 people died on that day), but this time only 127 people died due to the early warning system and taking proper precautionary measures. In this article, disaster management and the development of a cyclone warning system in Bangladesh are discussed.

Keywords

  • Disaster Management
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Vulnerable People
  • Offshore Island

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-55903-7_8
  • Chapter length: 16 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-55903-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Akhand MH (1996) Bangladesh — Cyclone Shelters and Local Communities. STOP Disasters, The IDNDR-UN Magazine, no. 29-III., Geneva

    Google Scholar 

  • Akhand MH (1997) Process to Develop Disaster Awareness. Annual Report, BDRCS, Dhaka: 69–72

    Google Scholar 

  • Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (1996) Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh, BBS, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Chowdhury IA (1996) Tropical Cyclone and Bangladesh. News Letter no. 2, Disaster Managment Bureau, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) (1996) In: CPP At A Glance. BDRCS, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Cyclone Disaster Management and Regional/Rural Development, UNCRD-CIRDAP Seminar, 27–29 January, 1992, Chittagong, Bangladesh

    Google Scholar 

  • Disaster Management Bureau (1997a) Standing Order on Disaster Issues (in Bengali), DMB Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Disaster Management Bureau (1997b) News, Issue: 3–5, DMB, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) (1995) JRCS Supported Disaster Preparedness Activities in Bangladesh. BDRCS, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Mirza M, Quader M, Subroto P (1992) Natural Disaster and Bangladesh Environment (in Bengali), Centre for Environmental Studies and Research, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Proceedings of the Seminar on Disaster Management, November 1993, Disaster Management Bureau, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Preparedness, Damage and Management of the May 1997 Cyclone, Helen Keller International (1998), Bangladesh, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) (1995) Volunteers Training Manual (in Bengali), BDRCS, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

  • WMO/ESCAP Panel News (1993), WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones, No. 6, 7, 8, Dhaka

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2003 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Akhand, M.H. (2003). Disaster Management and Cyclone Warning System in Bangladesh. In: Zschau, J., Küppers, A. (eds) Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55903-7_8

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55903-7_8

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-63234-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-55903-7

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive