ICU Environmental Factors and Quality of Sleep in Critically III Patients

  • Grasso S. 
  • Mascia L. 
  • Ranieri V.M. 
Conference paper
Part of the Update in Intensive Care Medicine book series (UICMSOFT, volume 39)

Abstract

The intensive care unit (ICU) represents a hostile environment for the patient, the family and all personnel. Pain, forced positioning, physical constraints, nursing and medical procedures, noise, light pollution and sleep deprivation are the most common sources of patient discomfort [1], representing a major source of physical and psychological stress that heightens the depersonalizing effects of the ICU environment and potentially leads to anxiety and depression [2].

Keywords

Fatigue Influenza Cortisol Fentanyl Lidocaine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grasso S. 
    • 1
  • Mascia L. 
    • 2
  • Ranieri V.M. 
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept of Intensive Care and Intensive Care MedicineOspedale DiVenereBariItaly
  2. 2.Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Section Ospedale S. Giovanni BattistaUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  3. 3.Dept of AnesthesiologyOspedale S. Giovanni BattistaTurinItaly

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