Advertisement

Theoretical ab initio Calculations of Hyperfine Interactions

  • Johann-Martin Spaeth
  • Harald Overhof
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 51)

Abstract

The identification of point defects observed in semiconductors and insulators with atomistic defect structures and the determination of their charge states has mainly been done by experimentalists in the past. In the course of this work empirical defect models have been proposed, further developed, critically discussed, rejected and sometimes re-established a second time.

Keywords

Hyperfine Interaction Effective Mass Approxima Local Spin Density Approximation Magnetization Density Neutral Charge State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 8.1
    O. MadelungIntroduction to Solid-State TheoryinSpringer Series in Solid-State Sciences(Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1978)Google Scholar
  2. 8.2
    J. M. ZimanPrinciples of the Theory of Solids(Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge 1972)Google Scholar
  3. 8.3
    J. Callaway, N.H. March: Solid State Physics38135 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 8.4
    R.O. Jones, O. Gunnarsson: Rev. Modern Physics61689 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 8.5
    P. Hohenberg, W. Kohn: Phys. Rev.136B 864 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 8.6
    W. Kohn, L.J. Sham: Phys. Rev.140A 1133 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 8.7
    L. Hedin, B.I. Lundqvist: J. Phys. C42064 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.8
    U. von Barth, L. Hedin: J. Phys. C51629 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.9
    P. Perdew, A. Zunger: Phys. Rev. B235048 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.10
    D.M. Ceperley, B.J. Alder: Phys. Rev. Lett.45566 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 8.11
    O. Gunnarsson, B.I. Lundqvist: Phys. Rev. B134274 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 8.12
    D.C. Langreth, M.J. Mehl: Phys. Rev. B281809 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 8.13
    J.P. Perdew, Y. Wang: Phys. Rev. B338800 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 8.14
    J.P. Perdew, inElectronic Structure of Solids `91eds. P. Ziesche and H. Eschrig (Akademie Verlag, Berlin, 1991), p. 11Google Scholar
  15. 8.15
    E. Engel, S.H. Vosko: Phys. Rev. B4713 164 (1993)Google Scholar
  16. 8.16
    J.P. Perdew, K. Burke, M. Ernzerhof: Phys. Rev. Lett.773865 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 8.17
    J. Korringa: Physica13392 (1947)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 8.18
    W. Kohn, N. Rostoker: Phys. Rev.941111 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 8.19
    O.K. Andersen: Phys. Rev. B123060 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 8.20
    H.L. Skriver:The LMTO MethodinSpringer Series in Solid-State SciencesVol.41 (Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1984)Google Scholar
  21. 8.21
    J. C. Slater: Phys. Rev.51846 (1937)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 8.22
    U. Rössler, J. Treusch: Rep. Prog. Phys.35883 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 8.23
    B. Drittler, M. Weinert, R. Zeller, P.H. Dederichs: Phys. Rev. B39930 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 8.24
    M. Methfessel, C.O. Rodriguez, O.K. Andersen: Phys. Rev. B402009 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 8.25
    P. Blaha, K. Schwarz, P. Sorantin, S.B. Trickey: Comput. Phys. Comm.59399 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 8.26
    L. Kleinman, D.L. Bylander: Phys. Rev. Lett.481425 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 8.27
    C.G. Van de Walle, P.E. Blöchl: Phys. Rev. B474244 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 8.28
    V. Fiorentini: Phys. Rev. B462086 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 8.29
    T.C. Leung, C.T. Chan, B.N. Harmon: Phys. Rev. B44.2923 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 8.30
    J.P. Perdew, M. Levy: Phys. Rev. Lett.511884 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 8.31
    L.J. Sham, M. Schlüter: Phys. Rev. Lett.511888 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 8.32
    R. P. Messmer: Chem. Phys. Lett. 11, 589 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 8.33
    R.P. Messmer, G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. B 7, 2568 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 8.34
    G.D. Watkins, J.W. Corbett: Phys. Rev.138A543 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 8.35
    J. Fxrthmüller, M. Fähnle: Phys. Rev. B 46, 3839 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 8.36
    A. Baldereschi: Phys. Rev. B 7, 5212 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 8.37
    D.J. Chadi, M.L. Cohen: Phys. Rev. B 8, 5747 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 8.38
    H.J. Monkhorst, J.D. Pack: Phys. Rev.13, 5188 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 8.39
    G.F. Koster, J.C. Slater: Phys. Rev.961208 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 8.40
    G.A. Baraff, M. Schlüter: Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 892 (1978); Phys. Rev. B 19, 4965 (1979)Google Scholar
  41. 8.41
    J.C. Bernholc, N.O. Lipari, S.T. Pantelides: Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 895 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 8.42
    J.C. Bernholc, S.T. Pantelides: Phys. Rev. B 18, 1780 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 8.43
    O. Gunnarsson, O. Jepsen, O.K. Andersen: Phys. Rev. B277144 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 8.44
    G.A. Baraff, M. Schlüter: Phys. Rev. B303456 (1984); Phys. Rev. B 30, 3460 (1984)Google Scholar
  45. 8.45
    F. Beeler, O.K. Andersen, M. Scheffler: Phys. Rev. B 41, 1603 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 8.46
    G.W. Ludwig, H.H. Woodbury, “Electron Spin Resonance in Semiconductors” inSolid State Physicseds. F. Seitz and D. Turnbull, Vol. 13 (Academic Press, New York, 1962), p. 223Google Scholar
  47. 8.47
    D.A. van Wezep, R. van Kemp, E.G. Sieverts, C.A.J. Ammerlaan: Phys. Rev. B327129 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 8.48
    E. Fermi: Z. Phys.60320 (1930)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 8.49
    G. Breit: Phys. Rev.351447 (1930)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 8.50
    S. Blügel, H. Akai, R. Zeller, P.H. Dederichs: Phys. Rev. B.353271 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 8.51
    D.A. Shirley: Rev. Modern Phys.36339 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 8.52
    J.R. Morton, K.F. Preston: Journ. Mag. Res.30577, (1978)Google Scholar
  53. 8.53
    B.D. Dunlap, G.M. Kalvius: Theory of Isomer Shifts, inMössbauer Isomer Shiftseds. G.K. Shenoy and F.E. Wagner, (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1978), p. 15Google Scholar
  54. 8.54
    P. Pyykkö, E. Pajanne, M. Inokuti: Int. J. Quantum Chem. 7, 785 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 8.55
    A. Abragam, B. Bleany Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Ions (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1970) (reprinting in Dover Publications, New York 1986)Google Scholar
  56. 8.56
    H. Weihrich, H. Overhof: Phys. Rev. B 54, 4680 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 8.57
    H. Weihrich, H. Overhof: Semicond. Sci. Technol.131374 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 8.58
    M. Lannoo, J. BourgoinPoint Defects in Semiconductors I(Springer Verlag Heidelberg, New York 1981), Ch. 4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 8.59
    S. Sugano, Y. Tanabe, H. KamimuraMultiplets of the transition-metal ions in crystals(Acad. Press New York 1970)Google Scholar
  60. 8.60
    G.T. Surratt, W.A. Goddard III: Solid State Commun.22413 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 8.61
    G.D. Watkins:The Lattice Vacancy in SiliconinDeep Defects in SemiconductorsEd. by S.T. Pantelides (Gordon, Breach, New York 1986), p. 14 7Google Scholar
  62. 8.62
    M. Lannoo, G.A. Baraff, M. Schlüter: Phys. Rev. B 24, 943, (1981); Phys. Rev. B24955, (1981)Google Scholar
  63. 8.63
    G. D. Watkins: Air Force Research Lab. Techn. Report No. ARL TR75–0011, 1975 (unpublished)Google Scholar
  64. 8.64
    T. Wimbauer, B.K. Meyer, A. Hofstaetter, A. Scharmann, H. Overhof: Phys. Rev. B567384 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 8.65
    J. Isoya, H. Kanda, Y. Uchida, S.C. Lawson, S. Yamasaki, H. Itoh, Y. Morita: Phys. Rev. B 45, 1436, (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 8.66
    S. Greulich-Weber, J.R. Niklas, E.R. Weber, J.-M. Spaeth: Phys. Rev. B 30, 6292 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 8.67
    D.A. van Wezep, T. Gregorkiewicz, E.G. Sieverts, and C.A.J. Ammerlaan: Phys. Rev. B344511 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 8.68
    F.S. Ham: Phys. Rev.138A1727 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 8.69
    C.P. Slichter:Principles of Magnetic Resonance with Examples from Solid State Physics(Harper, Row, New York 1963) (reprinted inSpringer Series of Solid-State SciencesVol. 1 (Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, New York 1980)Google Scholar
  70. 8.70
    H.M. Foley, R.M. Sternheimer, D. Tycko: Phys. Rev.93734 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 8.71
    R.M. Sternheimer, H.M. Foley: Phys. Rev.102731 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 8.72
    A. Settels, T. Korhunen, N. Papanikolaou, R. Zeller, P.H. Dederichs: Phys. Rev. Lett834369 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 8.73
    H. Söthe, L.G. Rowan, J.-M. Spaeth: J. Phys. Condensed Matter233591 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 8.74
    F. Herman, S. Skillman:Atomic Structure Calculations(Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1963)Google Scholar
  75. 8.75
    R.H. Bartram, A.M. Stoneham, P. Gash: Phys. Rev.1761014, (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 8.76
    P.-O. Löwdin: J. Chem. Phys.18365, (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 8.77
    H. Söthe, J.-M. Spaeth, F. Lüthy: Reviews of Solid State Science4499 (1990)Google Scholar
  78. 8.78
    H. Overhof, M. Scheffler, C.M. Weinert: Mat. Sci. Eng. B4315 (1989); Phys. Rev. B4312 494 (1991)Google Scholar
  79. 8.79
    G. W. Ludwig: Phys. Rev.137A1520 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 8.80
    A. Zunger: Phys. Rev. B283628 (1983); Solid State Physics39276 (1986).Google Scholar
  81. 8.81
    F.K. Koschnick, J.-M. Spaeth: phys. stat. sol. (b)216817 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 8.82
    J.-M. Spaeth, K. Krambrock: “On the Microscopic Structures of three Antisite-related Defects in Gallium Arsenide studied by Optically Detected Electron Nuclear Double Resonance” in:Festkörperprobleme/Advances in Solid State PhysicsVol. 33, Ed.R. Helbig, (Vieweg, Braunschweig 1994), p. 111Google Scholar
  83. 8.83
    G. Brunnthaler, W. Jantsch, U. Kaufmann, J. Schneider: Phys. Rev. B311239 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 8.84
    M. Illgner, H. Overhof: Phys. Rev. B542505 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 8.85
    G.D. Watkins: “A Review of EPR Studies in Irradiated Silicon” in:Radiation Damage in SemiconductorsEd. P. Baruch, (Dunod, Paris 1965) p.97Google Scholar
  86. 8.86
    K.L. Brower: Phys. Rev.B 11908 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 8.87
    J.R. Niklas, J.-M. Spaeth, G.D. Watkins: MRS Conf. Proc. Vol.46eds. N.M. Johnson, S.G. Bishop, G.D. Watkins, (MRS, Pittsburg, PA 1985), p.237Google Scholar
  88. 8.88
    H. Overhof, H. Weihrich, G. Corradi: Phys. Rev. B459032 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 8.89
    G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. Lett.33223, (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 8.90
    G.D. Watkins, K.H. Chow: Physica B273–2747, (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 8.91
    F.C. Rong, W.A. Barry, J.F. Donegan, G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. B547779, (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 8.92
    K.H. Chow, G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. Lett.812084, (1998); Phys. Rev. B608628, (1999)Google Scholar
  93. 8.93
    F. Rong, G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. Lett.581486 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 8.94
    M. Illgner, H. Overhof: Mat. Sci. Forum196–201327 (1995); Phys. Rev. B.542505 (1996)Google Scholar
  95. 8.95
    W. Gehlhoff, A. Näser, M. Lang, G. Pensl: Mat. Sci.Forum258–263423, (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 8.96
    A. Näser, W. Gehlhoff, H. Overhof, R.A. Yankov: phys. stat. sol. (b)210753, (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 8.97
    A. Näser: Paramagnetische Elektronenresonanzuntersuchungen an Störstellen der Elemente Kadmium and Zink in Silizium. Doctoral Dissertation, TU Berlin (1999)Google Scholar
  98. 8.98
    U. Gerstmann, H. Overhof: Physica B273/27488, (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 8.99
    J.A. van Wyk, O.D. Tucker, M.E. Newton, J.M. Baxter, G.S. Woods, P. Spear: Phys. Rev. B5212 657, (1995)Google Scholar
  100. 8.100
    U. Gerstmann, M. Amkreutz, H. Overhof: phys.stat.sol.(b)217665 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 8.101
    U. Gerstmann, M. Amkreutz, H. Overhof: Phys, Rev. B60R8446, (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 8.102
    G.A. Baraff, E.O. Kane, M. Schlüter: Phys. Rev. B.215662 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 8.103
    G.D. Watkins, J.R. Troxell: Phys. Rev. Lett.44593, (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 8.104
    M. Scheffler, J.P. Vigneron, G.B. Bachelet: Phys. Rev. B.316541, (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 8.105
    M.J. Puska, S. Pöykkö, M. Pesola, R.M. Nieminen: Phys. Rev. B581318, (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 8.106
    J.L. Mercer, J.S. Nelson, A.F. Wright, E.B. Stechel: Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng.61, (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 8.107
    A. Antonelli, E. Kaxiras, D.J. Chadi: Phys. Rev. Lett.812088, (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 8.108
    M. Sprenger, S.H. Muller, E.G. Sieverts, C.A.J. Ammerlaan: Phys. Rev. B351566, (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 8.109
    O. Sugino, A. Oshiyama: Phys. Rev. Lett.681858, (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 8.110
    M. Lannoo: Phys. Rev. B282403, (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 8.111
    U. Gerstmann, E. Rauls, H. Overhof, Th. Frauenheim: Phys. Rev. B65195201 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 8.112
    J. Schneider, A. Räuber: Solid State Comm.5779 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 8.113
    W. Gebhardt, H. Kuhnert: Phys. Lett.1115 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 8.114
    R. Kersten: Solid State Commun.8167, (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 8.115
    B.S. Gourary, F.J. Adrian: “Wave Functions for Electron-Excess Color Centers in Alkali Halide Crystals” in:Solid State Physicseds. F. Seitz and D. Turnbull, Vol. 10 (Academic Press, New York, 1960), p. 127Google Scholar
  116. 8.116
    A.H. Harker: J. Phys. C92273 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 8.117
    A.Y.S. Kung, A.B. Kunz, J. M. Vail: Phys. Rev. B263352, (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 8.118
    R.F. Wood, U. Opik: Phys. Rev.179783 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 8.119
    J.-M. Spaeth: Z. Phys.192107 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 8.120
    J.-M. Spaeth, M. Sturm: phys. stat. sol.42739 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 8.121
    J.-M. Spaeth, H. Seidel: phys. stat. sol. (b)46323 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 8.122
    J.-M. Spaeth: phys. stat. sol. (b)34171 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 8.123
    H. Katayama-Yoshida, A. Zunger: Phys. Rev. Lett.531256 (1984); Phys. Rev. B317877 (1985); Phys. Rev. B318317 (1985)Google Scholar
  124. 8.124
    A. Zunger, U. Lindefelt: Phys. Rev. B26846 (1982); Phys. Rev. B271191 (1983); Physica117 B195 (1983)Google Scholar
  125. 8.125
    F. Beeler, O.K. Andersen, M. Scheffler: Phys. Rev. Lett551498 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 8.126
    A. Fazzio, M.J. Caldas, A. Zunger: Phys. Rev. B303430 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 8.127
    F. Beeler, M. Scheffler: Mat. Sci. Forum38–41257 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 8.128
    G.W. Watkins: Physica (Amsterdam)117 B & 118 B9 (1983)Google Scholar
  129. 8.129
    F.D.M. Haldane, P.W. Anderson: Phys. Rev. B132553 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 8.130
    V.N. Fleurev, K.A. Kikoin: J. Phys. C91673 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 8.131
    H. Overhof: Mat. Sci. Forum196–2011363 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 8.132
    D.A. vanWezep, C.A.J. Ammerlaan: J. Electron. Mater.14a863 (1985); D.A. vanWezep, T. Gregorkiewicz, E.G. Sieverts, C.A.J. Ammerlaan, Phys. Rev. B344511 (1985)Google Scholar
  133. 8.133
    U. Gerstmann: private communication, 2001Google Scholar
  134. 8.134
    R. K. Watts: Phys. Letters27A469 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 8.135
    H.-J. Schulz, J. Kreissl: Optical Materials4202 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 8.136
    D. M. Hofmann, priv. commun. (1995)Google Scholar
  137. 8.137
    R. N. Schwartz, M. Ziari, S. Trivedi: Phys. Rev. B495247 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 8.138
    T. L. Estle, W. C. Holton: Phys. Rev.150159 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 8.139
    G.W. Ludwig, M.R. Lorenz: Phys. Rev.131601 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 8.140
    M.Z. Cieplak, M. Godlowski, J.M. Baranowski: phys. stat. sol. (b)70323 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 8.141
    J. Lambe, C. Kikuchi: Phys. Rev.1191256 (1960)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 8.142
    G. Brunthaler, U. Kaufmann, J. Schneider: J. Appl. Phys.562974 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 8.143
    H. Weihrich: Berechnungen der Hyperfeinwechselwirkungen tiefer Störstellen in Silizium mit Hilfe von Spindichten aus Ab-Initio-Gesamt energierechnun-gen. Doktoral Dissertation, Universität-GH Paderborn (1995)Google Scholar
  144. 8.144
    H. Katayama-Yoshida, N. Hamada: in:I8th International Conference on the Physics of SemiconductorsSweden, edited by O. Engström, 895 (1986).Google Scholar
  145. 8.145
    H. Katayama-Yoshida, N. Hamada: Phys. Rev. B35407 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 8.146
    E.G. Sieverts, D.A. van Wezep, R. van Kemp, C.A.J. Ammerlaan: Mat. Science Forum10 -12729, (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 8.147
    J.J. van Kooten, E.G. Sieverts, C.A.J. Ammerlaan: Phys. Rev. B378949 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 8.148
    A. Fazzio, M. Caldas, A. Zunger: Phys. Rev. B32934 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 8.149
    G.D. Watkins, M. Kleverman, A. Thilderquist, H.G. Grimmeiss: Phys. Rev. Lett.671149 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 8.150
    J.W. Petersen, J. Nielsen: Appl. Phys. Lett.561122 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 8.151
    F.G. Anderson, F.S. Ham, G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. B453287 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 8.152
    F.G. Anderson: J. Phys. Cond. Matter34421 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 8.153
    F.G. Anderson, R.F. Milligan, G.D. Watkins: Phys. Rev. B453279 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 8.154
    N.T. Son, T. Gregorkiewicz, C.A.J. Ammerlaan: Phys. Rev. Lett.693185 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 8.155
    C.A.J. Ammerlaan, (1996) private communicationGoogle Scholar
  156. 8.156
    S. Greulich-Weber, P. Alteheld, J. Reinke, H. Weihrich, H. Overhof, J.-M Spaeth: Semicond. Sci. Technol.10977 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 8.157
    M. Höhne: phys. stat. sol. (b)99651 (1980); phys. stat. sol109525 (1982); phys. stat. sol. (b)138337 (1986); phys. stat. sol. (b)156325 (1989)Google Scholar
  158. 8.158
    P. Alteheld, S. Greulich-Weber, J.-M. Spaeth, H. Weihrich, H. Overhof, M. Höhne: Phys. Rev. B524998 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 8.159
    H. Weihrich, H. Overhof, P. Alteheld, S. Greulich-Weber, J.-M. Spaeth: Phys. Rev. B525007 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 8.160
    W. Kohn: “Shallow Impurity States in Silicon and Germanium”, inSolid State Physicseds F. Seitz and D. Turnbull, Vol. 5 (Academic Press, New York, 1960), p. 1Google Scholar
  161. 8.161
    A.K. Ramdas, S. Rodriguez: Rep. Prog. Phys.441297 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 8.162
    M.T. Bennebroek, A. Arnold, O.G. Poluektov, P.G. Baranov, J. Schmid: Phys. Rev. B5411 276, (1996)Google Scholar
  163. 8.163
    W.B. Fowler: phys. stat. sol. (b)52591, (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 8.164
    H. Overhof, U. Gerstmann: Phys. Rev. B6212 585, (2000)Google Scholar
  165. 8.165
    W. Kohn, J. M. Luttinger: Phys. Rev.971721 (1955); Phys. Rev.98915 (1955)Google Scholar
  166. 8.166
    R.A. Faulkner: Phys. Rev.184713 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 8.167
    R.L. Aggarwal, A. K. Ramdas: Phys. Rev.140Al246 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 8.168
    H. Fritzsche: Phys. Rev.1251560 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 8.169
    E.B. Hale, R.L. Mieher: Phys. Rev.184739 (1969); Phys. Rev.184751 (1969)Google Scholar
  170. 8.170
    A. Baldereschi: Phys. Rev. B 1, 4673 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 8.171
    S.T. Pantelides: Rev.Mod. Phys.50797 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 8.172
    J.L. Ivey, R.L. Mieher: Phys. Rev. Lett.29176 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 8.173
    J.L. Ivey, R.L. Mieher: Phys. Rev. B 11, 822 (1975); Phys. Rev. B 11, 849 (1975)Google Scholar
  174. 8.174
    R.G. Shulman, B.J. Wyluda: Phys. Rev.1131127 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 8.175
    G. Feher: Phys. Rev. 114, 1219 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 8.176
    E.G. Sieverts: J. Phys. C 14, 2217 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 8.177
    S. Greulich-Weber: phys. stat. sol (a) 162, 95 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 8.178
    G. Dresselhaus, A.F. Kip, C. Kittel: Phys. Rev. 98, 368 (1955)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 8.179
    C. Kittel, A.H. Mitchell: Phys. Rev. 96, 1488 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 8.180
    J.M. Luttinger, W. Kohn: Phys. Rev. 97, 869 (1955); Phys. Rev. 97, 883 (1955)Google Scholar
  181. 8.181
    J.M. Luttinger: Phys. Rev. 102, 1030 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 8.182
    A. Baldereschi, N. O. Lipari: Phys. Rev. B 9, 1525 (1974);Proc.13th Int. Conf. Phys. Semic.ed. by F. G. Fumi (Tipografia Marves, Rome), p. 595 (1976)Google Scholar
  183. 8.183
    R.L. Aggarwal: Solid State Comm. 2, 1963 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 8.184
    R.L. Aggarwal, P. Fischer, V. Mourzine, A.K. Ramdas: Phys. Rev. 138, A882, (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johann-Martin Spaeth
    • 1
  • Harald Overhof
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich PhysikUniversität PaderbornPaderbornGermany

Personalised recommendations