• George Laskaris
  • Crispian Scully


This chapter will review the normal periodontium (anatomy and physiology), the etiology and pathogenesis of gingivitis and periodontitis, and the diagnosis of periodontal diseases.


Alveolar Bone Periodontal Tissue Gingival Crevicular Fluid Gingival Recession Junctional Epithelium 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Laskaris
    • 1
  • Crispian Scully
    • 2
  1. 1.Medical SchoolUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care SciencesUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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