Phytotherapy pp 295-308 | Cite as

Plants, Liver and Biliary System

  • Francesco Capasso
  • Timothy S. Gaginella
  • Giuliano Grandolini
  • Angelo A. Izzo


The liver is a gland located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen immediately beneath the diaphragm. As an exocrine gland it secretes bile. Its other major functions are the synthesis of plasma proteins, heparin, fibrinogen, and prothrombin; destruction of red cells; detoxification; metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and the storage of glycogen and other important substances. The main diseases of the liver include hepatitis and liver cirrhosis.


Caffeic Acid Aerial Part Sesquiterpene Lactone Milk Thistle Biliary Dyskinesia 
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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Capasso
    • 1
  • Timothy S. Gaginella
    • 2
  • Giuliano Grandolini
    • 3
  • Angelo A. Izzo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Experimental PharmacologyUniversity of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.School of PharmacyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and TechnologyUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly

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