Fine-Grid Simulations of Thermally Activated Switching in Nanoscale Magnets
Numerical integration of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation with thermal fluctuations is used to study the dynamic response of single-domain nano- magnets to rapid changes in the applied magnetic field. The simulation can resolve magnetization patterns within nanomagnets and uses the Fast Multipole method to calculate dipole-dipole interactions efficiently. The thermal fluctuations play an essential part in the reversal process whenever the applied field is less than the zero- temperature coercive field. In this situation pillar-shaped nanomagnets are found to reverse through a local mode that involves the formation and propagation of a domain wall. Tapering the ends of the pillars to reduce pole-avoidance effects changes the energies involved but not the fundamental process. The statistical distribution of switching times is well described by the independent nucleation and subsequent growth of regions of reversed magnetization at both ends of the pillar
KeywordsApplied Magnetic Field Coercive Field Thermal Fluctuation Fast Multipole Method Magnetization Switching
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