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14 Agaricomycetes

Part of the The Mycota book series (MYCOTA,volume 7A)

Abstract

Agaricomycetes includes ca. 21,000 described species of mushroom-forming fungi that function as decayers, pathogens, and mutualists in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. The morphological diversity of Agaricomycete fruiting bodies is unparalleled in any other group of fungi, ranging from simple corticioid forms to complex, developmentally integrated forms (e.g., stinkhorns). In recent years, understanding of the phylogenetic relationships and biodiversity of Agaricomycetes has advanced dramatically, through a combination of polymerase chain reaction-based multilocus phylogenetics, phylogenomics, and molecular environmental surveys. Agaricomycetes is strongly supported as a clade and includes several groups formerly regarded as Heterobasidiomycetes, namely the Auriculariales, Sebacinales, and certain Cantharellales (Tulasnellaceae and Ceratobasidiaceae). The Agaricomycetes can be divided into 20 mutually exclusive clades that have been treated as orders. This chapter presents an overview of the phylogenetic diversity of Agaricomycetes, emphasizing recent molecular phylogenetic studies.

Keywords

  • Agaricomycetes
  • Sebacinales
  • Cantharellales
  • Hymenophore
  • Septal Pore Cap (SPCs)

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Sigisfredo Garnica, Romina Gazis, Igor Grigoriev, Christiane Karasch-Wittmann, Urmas Kõljalg, Francis Martin, Rachael Martin, Franz Oberwinkler, and Robert Riley, who provided access to specimens and unpublished results, and Yu-Cheng Dai, Paul Diederich, Doris Haas, M. Jeppson, Lasse Kosonen, Jaroslav Maly, O. Manninen, Guillermo Muñoz, Michael Wood (http://www.mykoweb.com), and Nourou Yourou, who provided images.

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Hibbett, D.S. et al. (2014). 14 Agaricomycetes. In: McLaughlin, D., Spatafora, J. (eds) Systematics and Evolution. The Mycota, vol 7A. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55318-9_14

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