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14 Agaricomycetes

  • D. S. HibbettEmail author
  • R. Bauer
  • M. Binder
  • A. J. Giachini
  • K. Hosaka
  • A. Justo
  • E. Larsson
  • K. H. Larsson
  • J. D. Lawrey
  • O. Miettinen
  • L. G. Nagy
  • R. H. Nilsson
  • M. Weiss
  • R. G. Thorn
Chapter
Part of the The Mycota book series (MYCOTA, volume 7A)

Abstract

Agaricomycetes includes ca. 21,000 described species of mushroom-forming fungi that function as decayers, pathogens, and mutualists in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. The morphological diversity of Agaricomycete fruiting bodies is unparalleled in any other group of fungi, ranging from simple corticioid forms to complex, developmentally integrated forms (e.g., stinkhorns). In recent years, understanding of the phylogenetic relationships and biodiversity of Agaricomycetes has advanced dramatically, through a combination of polymerase chain reaction-based multilocus phylogenetics, phylogenomics, and molecular environmental surveys. Agaricomycetes is strongly supported as a clade and includes several groups formerly regarded as Heterobasidiomycetes, namely the Auriculariales, Sebacinales, and certain Cantharellales (Tulasnellaceae and Ceratobasidiaceae). The Agaricomycetes can be divided into 20 mutually exclusive clades that have been treated as orders. This chapter presents an overview of the phylogenetic diversity of Agaricomycetes, emphasizing recent molecular phylogenetic studies.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Sigisfredo Garnica, Romina Gazis, Igor Grigoriev, Christiane Karasch-Wittmann, Urmas Kõljalg, Francis Martin, Rachael Martin, Franz Oberwinkler, and Robert Riley, who provided access to specimens and unpublished results, and Yu-Cheng Dai, Paul Diederich, Doris Haas, M. Jeppson, Lasse Kosonen, Jaroslav Maly, O. Manninen, Guillermo Muñoz, Michael Wood (http://www.mykoweb.com), and Nourou Yourou, who provided images.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. S. Hibbett
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Bauer
    • 2
  • M. Binder
    • 3
  • A. J. Giachini
    • 4
  • K. Hosaka
    • 5
  • A. Justo
    • 1
  • E. Larsson
    • 6
  • K. H. Larsson
    • 7
  • J. D. Lawrey
    • 8
  • O. Miettinen
    • 1
    • 9
  • L. G. Nagy
    • 1
  • R. H. Nilsson
    • 6
  • M. Weiss
    • 10
  • R. G. Thorn
    • 11
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentClark UniversityWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Evolution und ÖkologieUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany
  3. 3.Centraalbureau voor SchimmelculturesUtrechtNetherlands
  4. 4.Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciencias BiologicasUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianopolisBrazil
  5. 5.Department of BotanyNational Museum of Nature and ScienceTsukubaJapan
  6. 6.Department of Biological and Environmental SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  7. 7.Natural History MuseumOsloNorway
  8. 8.Environmental Science and Policy DepartmentGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  9. 9.Botanical MuseumUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  10. 10.Fachbereich BiologieUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany
  11. 11.Department of BiologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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