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11 Ustilaginomycotina

Part of the The Mycota book series (volume 7A)

Abstract

Ustilaginomycotina represents one of three subphyla of the Basidiomycota, comprising 10 orders, 26 families, and 121 genera, with more than 1,700 species in total. Whereas most of the species are plant parasites with a biphasic life cycle and largely strong host preference, some species are recognized solely from their anamorphic phase. In addition, Ustilaginomycotina contains some lineages that parasitize hosts outside the plant kingdom, for example, the mammal-pathogenic genus Malassezia. In this chapter we summarize the most recent systematic studies of Ustilaginomycotina by highlighting the unique characters of monophyletic lineages. Furthermore, evolutionary trends are discussed.

Keywords

  • Seborrheic Dermatitis
  • Smut Fungus
  • Karnal Bunt
  • Loose Smut
  • Pityriasis Versicolor

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Alistair McTaggart (Agri-Science Queensland, Australia) for his critical reading of the manuscript, Lori Carris (Washington State University, USA) and Hans Henrik Bruun (Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Denmark) for providing photographs of T. controversa and M. endogenum for Fig. 11.1, and Meike Piepenbring (Goethe Universität, Germany) for several drawings for Fig. 11.3. Kálmán Vánky (HUV, Germany) is acknowledged for many specimens and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for financial support.

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Begerow, D. et al. (2014). 11 Ustilaginomycotina . In: McLaughlin, D., Spatafora, J. (eds) Systematics and Evolution. The Mycota, vol 7A. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55318-9_11

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