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10 Pucciniomycotina

Part of the The Mycota book series (volume 7A)

Abstract

More than 8 % of all described Fungi belong to subphylum Pucciniomycotina, the basal lineage of Basidiomycota. Pucciniomycotina is well supported as monophyletic, as are eight of its nine classes, the exception being Agaricostilbomycetes. All members of the subphylum thus far studied have simple septal pores lacking dolipore swellings or septal pore caps and layered spindle pole bodies. Fungi belonging to Pucciniomycotina are found in a diversity of habitats, with the majority found in association with plants, predominantly as phytopathogens but also as asymptomatic members of the phylloplane and mycorrhizal symbionts of orchids. Life cycles range from simple teliosporic yeasts to the elaborate five spore-stage life cycles found in the biotrophic rust fungi, Pucciniales. The number of species and lineages of Pucciniomycotina continues to rise, and it is predicted that much diversity within this group remains to be discovered.

Keywords

  • Fruiting Body
  • Rust Fungus
  • Spindle Pole Body
  • Smut Fungus
  • Aquatic Hyphomycetes

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Fig. 10.14–10.19

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Acknowledgements

Some of the figures were previously published in Swann et al. (2001), Aime et al. (2006), and Toome (2010), and we would like to thank the individuals who produced the original images, including Drs. D. Henk, E.M. Frieders, J.C. Doublés, E.C. Swann, R.J. Bandoni, K. O’Donnell, and T.M. Bourett. This work was supported in part by National Science Foundation Grants DEB 0732968 and DEB-0732550, Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life: Resolving the Evolutionary History of the Fungi.

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Correspondence to M. Catherine Aime .

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Aime, M.C., Toome, M., McLaughlin, D.J. (2014). 10 Pucciniomycotina. In: McLaughlin, D., Spatafora, J. (eds) Systematics and Evolution. The Mycota, vol 7A. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55318-9_10

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