Documenting Social Unrest: Detecting Strikes in Historical Daily Newspapers

  • Kalliopi Zervanou
  • Marten Düring
  • Iris Hendrickx
  • Antal van den Bosch
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8359)


The identification of relevant historical sources such as newspapers and letters and the extraction of information from them is an essential part of historical research. In this work, our aim is the detection of relevant primary sources with the goal to support researchers working on a specific historical event. We focus on the historical daily Dutch newspaper archive of the National Library of the Netherlands and strike events that happened in the Netherlands during the 1980s. Using a manually compiled database of strikes in the Netherlands, we first attempt to find reports on those strikes in historical daily newspapers by automatically associating database records to the daily press of the time covering the same strike. Then, we generalise our methodology to detect strike events in the press not currently covered by the strikes database, and support in this way the extension of secondary historical resources. Our methods are evaluated against the manually constructed database of strikes.


Trade Union Newspaper Collection Labour Action News Article National Library 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Baeza-Yates, R., Ribeiro-Neto, B.: Modern Information Retrieval. Addison Wesley Longman (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bourigault, D., Gonzalez-Mullier, I., Gros, C.: LEXTER, a Natural Language Tool for Terminology Extraction. In: 7th EURALEX Intl. Congress on Lexicography, Part II, pp. 771–779. Göteborg University, Göteborg (1996)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Daelemans, W., Van den Bosch, A.: Memory-based language processing. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative,
  5. 5.
    Jacquemin, C.: Spotting and Discovering Terms through Natural Language Processing. MIT Press, Cambridge (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Klijn, E.: Databank of digital daily newspapers: moving from theory to practice. News from the IFLA Section on Newspapers (19), 8–9 (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lyddon, D.: The 1984–85 miners’ strike. In: TUC History Online. London Metropolitan University and the Trades Union Congress (2013),
  8. 8.
    McCallum, S.: A look at new information retrieval protocols: SRU, OpenSearch/A9, CQL, and Xquery. In: The World Library and Information Congress: 72nd IFLA General Conference and Council, Seoul, Korea (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Niskanen, W.A.: Reaganomics. In: Henderson, D.R. (ed.) Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, 1st edn. Library of Economics and Liberty (1992),
  10. 10.
    Parlementair Documentatie Centrum: Parlement & politiek, Universiteit Leiden,
  11. 11.
    Rommelse, A.F.: Een geschiedenis van het arbeidsongeschiktheidsbeleid in Nederland. Research memorandum, Department of Economics, Universiteit Leiden (February 2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Silver, B.: Forces of Labor. Workers’ Movements and Globalization since 1870. Cambridge University Press, New York (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stigler, S.M.: Francis galton’s account of the invention of correlation. Statistical Science 4(2), 73–79 (1989)MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    The Library of Congress: SRU – Search/Retrieval via URL,
  15. 15.
    Van den Bosch, A., Busser, G., Daelemans, W., Canisius, S.: An efficient memory-based morphosyntactic tagger and parser for dutch. In: van Eynde, F., Dirix, P., Schuurman, I., Vandeghinste, V. (eds.) Selected Papers of the 17th Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands Meeting, Leuven, Belgium, pp. 99–114 (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Van den Hoven, M., Van den Bosch, A., Zervanou, K.: Beyond reported history: Strikes that never happened. In: Darányi, S., Lendvai, P. (eds.) Proceedings of the First International AMICUS Workshop on Automated Motif Discovery in Cultural Heritage and Scientific Communication Texts, Vienna, Austria, pp. 20–28 (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Van der Velden, S.: Database of dutch labour actions,
  18. 18.
    Van der Velden, S.: Stakingen in Nederland. Arbeidersstrijd 1830–1995. Stichting Beheer IISG/NIWI, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2000)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Van der Velden, S.: Werknemers in actie. Twee eeuwen stakingen, bedrijfsbezettingen en andere acties in Nederland. Aksant, Amsterdam (2004)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Witten, I., Paynter, G., Frank, E., Gutwin, C., Nevill-Manning, C.: KEA: Practical Automatic Keyphrase Extraction. In: 4th ACM Conf. on Digital Libraries, Berkeley, CA, USA, pp. 254–255 (August 1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kalliopi Zervanou
    • 1
  • Marten Düring
    • 1
  • Iris Hendrickx
    • 1
  • Antal van den Bosch
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Language StudiesRadboud University NijmegenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations