• Michael FroehnerEmail author


Urinary tract infections belong to the most common infectious diseases. Hospital-acquired urinary tract infections associated with catheterization represent an increasingly important health problem. Bacteria usually reach the upper urinary tract by ascension via the urethra, partially promoted by endoscopic interventions or catheterization; lymphatic spread and hematogenic spread are less common. The development of bacterial resistance requires attention, particularly the resistance to fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins due to the overuse of these substances [1].


Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Disseminate Intravascular Coagulation Urinary Diversion Renal Scar Ureteral Obstruction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity Hospital “Carl Gustav Carus”, Dresden University of TechnologyDresdenGermany

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