Advertisement

Pyelonephritis

  • Michael FroehnerEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Urinary tract infections belong to the most common infectious diseases. Hospital-acquired urinary tract infections associated with catheterization represent an increasingly important health problem. Bacteria usually reach the upper urinary tract by ascension via the urethra, partially promoted by endoscopic interventions or catheterization; lymphatic spread and hematogenic spread are less common. The development of bacterial resistance requires attention, particularly the resistance to fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins due to the overuse of these substances [1].

Keywords

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Disseminate Intravascular Coagulation Urinary Diversion Renal Scar Ureteral Obstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Grabe M, Bjerklund-Johansen TE, Botto H, Çek M, Naber KG, Pickard RS, Tenke P, Wagenlehner F, Wullt B. Guidelines on urological infections. Available at: http://www.uroweb.org/gls/pdf/18_Urological%20infections_LR.pdf. Accessed 15 Sept 2013.
  2. 2.
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Urologie: S-3 Leitlinie AWMF-Register-Nr. 043/044: Harnwegsinfektionen. Epidemiologie, Diagnostik, Therapie und Management unkomplizierter bakterieller ambulant erworbener Harnwegsinfektionen bei erwachsenen Patienten. [S3 guideline AWMF register no. 043/044: Urinary tract infections. Epidemiology, diagnostics, therapy and management of uncomplicated non-hospital-acquired urinary tract infections in adults. Guideline in German.] Available at: http://www.awmf.org/uploads/tx_szleitlinien/043-044l_S3_Harnwegsinfektionen.pdf. Accessed 15 Sept 2013.
  3. 3.
    Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, Dellinger RP, Fein AM, Knaus WA, Schein RM, Sibbald WJ. Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee. American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine. Chest. 1992;101:1644–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Levi M, Toh CH, Thachil J, Watson HG. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of disseminated intravascular coagulation. British Committee for Standards in Haematology. Br J Haematol. 2009;145:24–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity Hospital “Carl Gustav Carus”, Dresden University of TechnologyDresdenGermany

Personalised recommendations