• Bastian AmendEmail author
  • Karl-Dietrich Sievert


An increased serum level of parathormone (PH) characterizes hyperparathyroidism. Different causes for hyperparathyroidism (HPT) are classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary hyperparathyroidism.


Parathyroid Tissue Renal Osteodystrophy Lanthanum Carbonate Calcium Acetate Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Herold G. Internal medicine. 1st ed. Gerd Herold: Cologne; 2011.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Marcocci C, Cetani F. Clinical practice. Primary hyperparathyroidism. N Engl J Med. 2011;365(25):2389–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bollerslev J, Marcocci C, Sosa M, Nordenstrom J, Bouillon R, Mosekilde L. Current evidence for recommendation of surgery, medical treatment and vitamin D repletion in mild primary hyperparathyroidism. Eur J Endocrinol. 2011;165(6):851–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyEberhard-Karls-UniversityTuebingenGermany

Personalised recommendations