Male Infertility

  • George KediaEmail author


Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse [1]. Infertility affects both men and women. The components of the evaluation of the men include medical history, physical and ultrasound examination, semen analyses and endocrine and genetic tests.


Luteinizing Hormone Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Male Infertility Testicular Volume Ejaculatory Duct 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Zegers-Hochschild F, Adamson GD, de Mouzon J, et al. The International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology (ICMART) and the World Health Organization (WHO) revised glossary on ART terminology. Hum Reprod. 2009;24(11):2683–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research. WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of human semen. 5th ed. Geneva: WHO; 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cooper TG, Noonan E, von Eckardstein S, et al. World Health Organization reference values for human semen characteristics. Hum Reprod Update. 2010;16(3):231–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology and Urological OncologyHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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