• Reinhard BrunkhorstEmail author


Normal serum potassium levels are between 3.5 and 5.0 mmol/l; hyperkalemia refers to serum potassium >5.5 mmol/l. About 98 % of the body’s potassium is found inside cells, with the remainder in the extracellular fluid including the blood. Extreme hyperkalemia is a medical emergency due to the risk of potentially fatal arrhythmias.


Chronic Kidney Disease Creatine Kinase Metabolic Acidosis Calcium Carbonate Serum Potassium 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für Nieren-, Hochdruck- und GefässerkrankungenKlinikum Oststadt-Heidehaus, Klinikum Region Hannover GmbHHannoverGermany

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