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Haematuria

  • Hannes CashEmail author
  • Mario W. Kramer
Chapter

Abstract

Haematuria is the presence of red blood cells in the urine. Blood visible in the urine is called gross haematuria. Microhaematuria is defined as ≥3 red blood cells (RBCs) per high-power field on microscopic examination. Chemical urine dipstick has a high sensitivity of up to 1–2 RBCs × 1012 per litre. In general >5,000 RBCs/μl urine or approx. 1-ml blood/urine is needed to achieve visibility. The causes of haematuria are either nephrologic or urologic.

Keywords

Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Polycystic Kidney Disease Alport Syndrome Cystic Kidney Magnetic Resonance Urography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyCharité University Medicine BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of Urology and Urological OncologyHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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