Stochastic Unit Commitment Problem with Security and Emissions Constraints
This paper presents a stochastic optimization-based approach for the unit commitment (UC) problem under uncertainty on a deregulated electricity market that includes day-ahead bidding and bilateral contracts. The market uncertainty is modeled via price scenarios so as to find the optimal schedule. An efficient mixed-integer linear program is proposed for the UC problem, considering not only operational constraints including security ones on units, but also emission allowance constraints. Emission allowances are used to mitigate carbon footprint during the operation of units. While security constraints settle on spinning reserve are used to provide reliable bidding strategies. Numerical results from a case study are presented to show the effectiveness of the approach.
KeywordsEmission allowances stochastic optimization security constraints unit commitment
- 6.UCTE. Operation handbook: G3 Recommended Secondary Control Reserve (2004)Google Scholar
- 7.Collective Awareness Platforms for Sustainability and Social Innovation, http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/collectiveawareness (accessed October 2013)
- 17.Thermal Units Data, http://hmi-21.wix.com/thermalunits (accessed October 2013)