Ear-EEG: User-Centered and Wearable BCI

Part of the Biosystems & Biorobotics book series (BIOSYSROB, volume 6)


We present a radically new solution for EEG-based brain computer interface (BCI) where electrodes are embedded on a customized earpiece, as typically used in hearing aids (Ear-EEG). This provides a noninvasive, minimally intrusive and user-friendly EEG platform suitable for long-term use (days) in natural environments. The operation of Ear-EEG is illustrated for alpha-attenuation and responses to auditory stimuli, and its potential in BCI is evaluated on an SSVEP study. We show that Ear-EEG bitrate performances are comparable with those of on-scalp electrodes, thus promising a quantum step forward for wearable BCI.


Ear-EEG brain computer interface (BCI) non-medical BCI wearable EEG steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Looney
    • 1
  • Preben Kidmose
    • 2
  • Danilo P. Mandic
    • 1
  1. 1.Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Aarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark

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