Report on Global Environment Competitiveness of Morocco

  • Li Jianping
  • Li Minrong
  • Wang Jinnan
  • Li Jianjian
  • Su Hongwen
  • Huang Maoxing
Open Access
Chapter
Part of the Current Chinese Economic Report Series book series (CCERS)

Abstract

Morocco is located in North Africa. It borders Spain to the north, Algeria to the east, and Western Sahara to the south. The climate is Mediterranean in the North and in some mountains, which becomes more extreme towards the interior regions. It covers 446.3 thousand of square kilometers and has a population of 32.27 million. Its GDP reaches $100.22 billion in 2011. Through the index system and evaluation model, the environment competitiveness index of Morocco ranks at 95 in 133 countries.

Morocco is located in North Africa. It borders Spain to the north, Algeria to the east, and Western Sahara to the south. The climate is Mediterranean in the North and in some mountains, which becomes more extreme towards the interior regions. It covers 446.3 thousand of square kilometers and has a population of 32.27 million. Its GDP reaches $100.22 billion in 2011. Through the index system and evaluation model, the environment competitiveness index of Morocco ranks at 95 in 133 countries.

Score: 47.45

Rank: 95

Fig. 96.1

Contribution of sub-index to GEC

Fig. 96.2

Rank of sub-index of GEC

Fig. 96.3

Score and rank of the pillars of GEC

Table 96.1

Score and rank of all indicators of GEC

Indicators

Score

Rank

1 Resource Environment Competitiveness

8.50

119

1.1 Land Resources

13.47

65

Land area per capita

2.47

65

Percentage of arable land to total land area

30.10

46

Arable land per capita

11.52

49

1.2 Water Resources

4.68

108

Surface water

0.53

110

Annual precipitation

11.74

109

Groundwater

3.19

93

Total internal renewable water resources

3.28

104

1.3 Forest Resources

20.90

94

Growing stock in forest and other wooded land

50.57

80

Proportion of land area covered by forest

13.49

91

Forest area per capita

1.11

81

1.4 Energy Resources

0.72

119

Fossil energy

0.00

64

Energy production

0.03

125

Proportion of combustible renewable and waste to total energy consumption

3.15

94

Net energy imports of the energy consumption

0.54

120

2 Ecological Environment Competitiveness

42.03

102

2.1 Biodiversity

54.68

112

Threatened fish species

77.83

103

Threatened mammal species

90.22

98

Threatened plant species

98.37

87

GEF benefits index for biodiversity

3.50

55

2.2 Ecological Safeguard

2.92

118

Terrestrial protected areas

3.80

118

Marine protected areas

1.59

67

2.3 Air Quality

61.88

58

Inhalable particles (PM10)

83.21

50

Particulate matter (PM2.5)

87.34

50

Index of indoor air pollution

38.70

55

Nitrogen oxides emission

67.77

66

Sulfur dioxide emission

39.95

90

3 Environment Carrying Competitiveness

72.90

13

3.1 Agricultural Carrying

64.80

85

Cereal yield per unit of arable land

13.27

105

Fertilizer consumption per unit of arable land

98.33

37

Annual freshwater withdrawals for agriculture per unit of arable land

99.96

12

3.2 Industrial Carrying

92.41

54

Net exports of goods as a percentage of GDP

78.22

82

Electric power consumption per unit of value added of industry

92.36

60

SO2 emissions per unit of value added of industry

99.58

95

Annual freshwater withdrawals for industry per value added of industry

99.46

22

3.3 Energy Consumption

75.71

1

Energy consumption per unit of land area

99.93

37

Ratio of clean energy consumption

2.91

82

Elasticity of energy consumption

100.00

1

Elasticity of electric power consumption

100.00

1

3.4 Greenhouse Gas

53.00

121

Growth rate of CO2 emissions

43.15

97

Growth rate of Methane emissions

54.53

90

CO2 emissions per unit of land area

99.89

52

CO2 emissions per unit of energy consumption

24.27

111

4 Environment Management Competitiveness

43.66

97

4.1 Environmental Governance

81.99

86

Agricultural chemicals regulation

85.71

46

Percentage of the rural population with access to an improved water source

61.00

98

Percentage of the urban population with access to an improved water source

98.00

70

4.2 Ecological Protection

13.80

117

Area of plantation and afforestation

0.80

45

Biome protect

9.10

118

Overfishing of fishing resources

35.82

80

4.3 Resource Utilization

45.14

29

Utilization rate of water resources

1.76

22

Percentage of total internal renewable water resources to total water resources

90.63

13

Percentage of agricultural land to total land area

79.60

18

Percentage of fossil fuel energy consumption to total energy consumption

8.58

101

5 Environment Harmony Competitiveness

70.18

33

5.1 Population and Environment

75.57

40

Percentage of population with access to Improved sanitation facilities

69.00

88

Motor vehicles per 1,000 people

91.60

46

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita

1.09

104

SO2 emissions per capita

95.35

69

CO2 emissions per capita

96.21

45

Energy consumption per capita

97.04

24

5.2 Economy and Environment

64.79

71

Land resource utilization efficiency

0.06

85

Sulfur dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

87.59

97

Carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

82.30

85

Energy consumption per unit of GDP

89.21

47

Table 96.2

Rank distribution of the individual indicators of GEC

Sub-index

Number of the individual indicators

Rank 1–10

Rank 11–30

Rank 31–60

Rank 61–100

Rank 101–133

Resource Environment Competitiveness

14

0

0

1

8

5

Ecological Environment Competitiveness

11

0

0

4

3

4

Environment Carrying Competitiveness

15

2

0

5

6

2

Environment Management Competitiveness

10

0

4

2

2

2

Environment Harmony Competitiveness

10

0

0

3

6

1

Total

60

2

4

15

25

14

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Jianping
    • 1
  • Li Minrong
    • 2
  • Wang Jinnan
    • 3
  • Li Jianjian
    • 1
  • Su Hongwen
    • 4
  • Huang Maoxing
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EconomicsFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Fujian Provincial Administration of Press and PublicationFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Chinese Academy for Environmental PlanningBeijingChina
  4. 4.Development Research Center of the StateJournal of Management World Editorial Office Council of ChinaBeijingChina

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