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Report on the Global Environment Competitiveness of Luxembourg

  • Li Jianping
  • Li Minrong
  • Wang Jinnan
  • Li Jianjian
  • Su Hongwen
  • Huang Maoxing
Open Access
Chapter
Part of the Current Chinese Economic Report Series book series (CCERS)

Abstract

Luxembourg is a landlocked country in western Europe. It covers 2,590 square kilometres and borders by Belgium, France, and Germany. Luxembourg has an oceanic climate, marked by high precipitation, particularly in late summer. It had a population of 0.52 million and domestic production the gross (GDP) of USD 59.2 billion in 2011. Through the evaluation of global environment competitiveness, we can know that the environment competitiveness index of Luxembourg ranks at 48 among 133 countries.

Keywords

Environmental Economic Domestic Production Late Summer High Precipitation Global Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Luxembourg is a landlocked country in western Europe. It covers 2,590 square kilometres and borders by Belgium, France, and Germany. Luxembourg has an oceanic climate, marked by high precipitation, particularly in late summer. It had a population of 0.52 million and domestic production the gross (GDP) of USD 59.2 billion in 2011. Through the evaluation of global environment competitiveness, we can know that the environment competitiveness index of Luxembourg ranks at 48 among 133 countries.

Score: 51.66

Rank: 48

Fig. 86.1

Contribution of sub-index of GEC

Fig. 86.2

Rank of sub-index of GEC

Fig. 86.3

Score and rank of the pillars of GEC

Table 86.1

Score and rank of all indicators of GEC

Indicators

Score

Rank

1 Resource Environment Competitiveness

13.37

102

1.1 Land Resources

14.17

57

Land area per capita

0.88

111

Percentage of arable land to total land area

40.47

31

Arable land per capita

5.59

90

1.2 Water Resources

17.12

59

Surface water

12.92

24

Annual precipitation

31.67

63

Groundwater

4.41

90

Total internal renewable water resources

19.47

53

1.3 Forest Resources

25.62

81

Growing stock in forest and other wooded land

50.08

102

Proportion of land area covered by forest

N/A

N/A

Forest area per capita

1.17

79

1.4 Energy Resources

0.91

116

Fossil energy

0.00

64

Energy production

0.26

108

Proportion of combustible renewables and waste to total energy consumption

3.92

91

Net energy imports of the energy consumption

0.24

125

2 Ecological Environment Competitiveness

61.60

13

2.1 Biodiversity

59.91

18

Threatened fish species

99.53

3

Threatened mammal species

100.00

1

Threatened plant species

100.00

1

GEF benefits index for biodiversity

0.00

128

2.2 Ecological Safeguard

32.45

38

Terrestrial protected areas

54.08

28

Marine protected areas

N/A

N/A

2.3 Air Quality

84.73

1

Inhalable particles (PM10)

91.24

9

Particulate matter (PM2.5)

100.00

1

Index of indoor air pollution

100.00

1

Nitrogen oxides emission

68.92

8

Sulfur dioxide emission

40.99

5

3 Environment Carrying Competitiveness

66.88

70

3.1 Agricultural Carrying

76.25

23

Cereal yield per unit of arable land

58.94

18

Fertilizer consumption per unit of arable land

75.59

117

Annual freshwater withdrawals for agriculture per unit of arable land

100.00

1

3.2 Industrial Carrying

91.94

60

Net exports as a percentage of GDP

82.46

58

Electric power consumption per unit of value added of industry

85.82

101

SO2 emissions per unit of value added of industry

99.98

16

Annual freshwater withdrawals for industry per value added of industry

99.50

20

3.3 Energy Consumption

27.82

124

Energy consumption per unit of land area

96.52

120

Ratio of clean energy consumption

0.72

101

Elasticity of energy consumption

12.58

115

Elasticity of electric power consumption

1.46

122

3.4 Greenhouse Gas

54.30

116

Growth rate of CO2 emissions

46.90

82

Growth rate of Methane emissions

50.06

112

CO2 emissions per unit of land area

95.44

127

CO2 emissions per unit of energy consumption

32.18

97

4 Environment Management Competitiveness

55.05

37

4.1 Environmental Governance

100.00

1

Agricultural chemicals regulation

N/A

N/A

Percentage of the rural population with access to an improved water source

100.00

1

Percentage of the urban population with access to an improved water source

100.00

1

4.2 Ecological Protection

42.88

29

Area of plantation and afforestation

0.04

102

Biome protect

100.00

1

Overfishing of fishing resources

N/A

N/A

4.3 Resource Utilization

26.32

112

Utilization rate of water resources

0.07

95

Percentage of total internal renewable water resources to total water resources

31.45

107

Percentage of agricultural land to total land area

59.78

50

Percentage of fossil fuel energy consumption to total energy consumption

13.99

85

5 Environment Harmony Competitiveness

61.39

99

5.1 Population and Environment

48.18

129

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

100.00

1

Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people)

7.78

132

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita

2.33

82

SO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)

96.74

57

CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)

43.20

130

Energy consumption per capita

35.21

124

5.2 Economy and Environment

74.60

3

Land resource utilization efficiency

6.67

3

Sulfur dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

99.85

6

Carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

94.55

21

Energy consumption per unit of GDP

97.34

5

Table 86.2

Rank distribution of the individual indicators of GEC

Sub-index

Number of the individual indicators

Rank 1–10

Rank 11–30

Rank 31–60

Rank 61–100

Rank 101–133

Resource Environment Competitiveness

14

0

1

3

5

4

Ecological Environment Competitiveness

11

8

2

1

0

0

Environment Carrying Competitiveness

15

0

3

2

1

9

Environment Management Competitiveness

10

3

1

1

1

3

Environment Harmony Competitiveness

10

4

1

1

1

3

Total

60

15

8

8

8

19

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Jianping
    • 1
  • Li Minrong
    • 2
  • Wang Jinnan
    • 3
  • Li Jianjian
    • 1
  • Su Hongwen
    • 4
  • Huang Maoxing
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EconomicsFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Fujian Provincial Administration of Press and PublicationFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Chinese Academy for Environmental PlanningBeijingChina
  4. 4.Development Research Center of the StateJournal of Management World Editorial Office Council of ChinaBeijingChina

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