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Report on the Global Environment Competitiveness of Kazakhstan

  • Li Jianping
  • Li Minrong
  • Wang Jinnan
  • Li Jianjian
  • Su Hongwen
  • Huang Maoxing
Open Access
Chapter
Part of the Current Chinese Economic Report Series book series (CCERS)

Abstract

Kazakhstan across the Asian and the Europe, including the north of central Asia and the southwest of Ural which is in the eastern Europe. It faces the Caspian sea, borders on Russia, China, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and other countries. Its continental climate. The uranium, copper, lead, zinc and chromium are rich. It covers 2,700 thousand square kilometres. It had a population of 16.5 million and domestic production the gross (GDP) of USD 188 billion in 2011. Through the evaluation of global environment competitiveness, we can know that the environment competitiveness index of Kazakhstan ranks at 128 among 133 countries.

Keywords

Environmental Economic Domestic Production Global Environment Continental Climate Competitiveness Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kazakhstan across Asia and Europe, including the north of central Asia and the southwest of Ural which is in the Eastern Europe. It faces the Caspian sea, borders on Russia, China, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and other countries. Its continental climate. The uranium, copper, lead, zinc and chromium are rich. It covers 2,700 thousand square kilometres. It had a population of 16.5 million and domestic production the gross (GDP) of USD 188 billion in 2011. Through the evaluation of global environment competitiveness, we can know that the environment competitiveness index of Kazakhstan ranks at 128 among 133 countries.

Score: 39.84

Rank: 128

Fig. 76.1

Contribution of sub-index of GEC

Fig. 76.2

Rank of sub-index of GEC

Fig. 76.3

Score and rank of the pillars of GEC

Table 76.1

Score and rank of all indicators of GEC

Indicators

Score

Rank

1 Resource Environment Competitiveness

16.67

74

1.1 Land Resources

36.63

6

Land area per capita

29.37

9

Percentage of arable land to total land area

14.97

87

Arable land per capita

67.96

2

1.2 Water Resources

3.01

116

Surface water

0.51

112

Annual precipitation

8.56

113

Groundwater

1.76

104

Total internal renewable water resources

1.20

116

1.3 Forest Resources

16.32

114

Growing stock in forest and other wooded land

51.10

71

Proportion of land area covered by forest

1.43

120

Forest area per capita

1.39

73

1.4 Energy Resources

17.26

23

Fossil energy

32.84

5

Energy production

9.70

11

Proportion of combustible renewables and waste to total energy consumption

0.07

114

Net energy imports of the energy consumption

26.68

23

2 Ecological Environment Competitiveness

41.98

103

2.1 Biodiversity

58.79

39

Threatened fish species

93.40

41

Threatened mammal species

91.30

90

Threatened plant species

99.07

74

GEF benefits index for biodiversity

5.10

47

2.2 Ecological Safeguard

3.91

115

Terrestrial protected areas

6.52

109

Marine protected areas

N/A

N/A

2.3 Air Quality

57.92

68

Inhalable particles (PM10)

86.86

30

Particulate matter (PM2.5)

83.38

75

Index of indoor air pollution

30.60

64

Nitrogen oxides emission

65.25

98

Sulfur dioxide emission

32.71

125

3 Environment Carrying Competitiveness

59.21

124

3.1 Agricultural Carrying

61.63

107

Cereal yield per unit of arable land

4.87

123

Fertilizer consumption per unit of arable land

99.81

9

Annual freshwater withdrawals for agriculture per unit of arable land

99.11

60

3.2 Industrial Carrying

87.35

99

Net exports as a percentage of GDP

70.06

101

Electric power consumption per unit of value added of industry

90.87

71

SO2 emissions per unit of value added of industry

98.72

122

Annual freshwater withdrawals for industry per value added of industry

89.75

115

3.3 Energy Consumption

31.37

99

Energy consumption per unit of land area

99.94

29

Ratio of clean energy consumption

1.53

91

Elasticity of energy consumption

13.29

101

Elasticity of electric power consumption

10.70

63

3.4 Greenhouse Gas

41.21

129

Growth rate of CO2 emissions

20.23

129

Growth rate of Methane emissions

50.40

111

CO2 emissions per unit of land area

99.90

48

CO2 emissions per unit of energy consumption

15.29

123

4 Environment Management Competitiveness

34.38

127

4.1 Environmental Governance

71.94

104

Agricultural chemicals regulation

38.10

82

Percentage of the rural population with access to an improved water source

90.00

60

Percentage of the urban population with access to an improved water source

99.00

51

4.2 Ecological Protection

6.75

125

Area of plantation and afforestation

1.17

37

Biome protect

14.20

111

Overfishing of fishing resources

N/A

N/A

4.3 Resource Utilization

33.65

78

Utilization rate of water resources

1.17

30

Percentage of total internal renewable water resources to total water resources

39.86

98

Percentage of agricultural land to total land area

91.28

5

Percentage of fossil fuel energy consumption to total energy consumption

2.29

116

5 Environment Harmony Competitiveness

46.94

128

5.1 Population and Environment

58.36

121

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

97.00

39

Motor vehicles (per 1,000 people)

75.68

82

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita

4.70

55

SO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)

27.82

128

CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)

61.51

123

Energy consumption per capita

64.82

109

5.2 Economy and Environment

35.52

124

Land resource utilization efficiency

0.02

105

Sulfur dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

39.44

126

Carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

39.51

128

Energy consumption per unit of GDP

63.11

112

Table 76.2

Rank distribution of the individual indicators of GEC

Sub-index

Number of the individual indicators

Rank 1–10

Rank 11–30

Rank 31–60

Rank 61–100

Rank 101–133

Resource Environment Competitiveness

14

3

2

0

2

7

Ecological Environment Competitiveness

11

0

1

2

6

2

Environment Carrying Competitiveness

15

1

1

1

4

8

Environment Management Competitiveness

10

1

1

2

3

3

Environment Harmony Competitiveness

10

0

0

2

1

7

Total

60

5

5

7

16

27

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Jianping
    • 1
  • Li Minrong
    • 2
  • Wang Jinnan
    • 3
  • Li Jianjian
    • 1
  • Su Hongwen
    • 4
  • Huang Maoxing
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EconomicsFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Fujian Provincial Administration of Press and PublicationFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Chinese Academy for Environmental PlanningBeijingChina
  4. 4.Development Research Center of the StateJournal of Management World Editorial Office Council of ChinaBeijingChina

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