Report on Global Environment Competitiveness of Chile

  • Li Jianping
  • Li Minrong
  • Wang Jinnan
  • Li Jianjian
  • Su Hongwen
  • Huang Maoxing
Open Access
Chapter
Part of the Current Chinese Economic Report Series book series (CCERS)

Abstract

Chile s a country in South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. It covers 743.5 thousand of square kilometers and has a population of 17.27 million. Its GDP reaches $248.59 billion in 2011. Through the index system and evaluation model, the environment competitiveness index of Chile ranks at 24 in 133 countries.

Keywords

Argentina Peru 

Chile is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. It covers 743.5 thousand of square kilometers and has a population of 17.27 million. Its GDP reaches $248.59 billion in 2011. Through the index system and evaluation model, the environment competitiveness index of Chile ranks at 24 in 133 countries.

Score:

54.25

Rank:

24

Fig. 36.1

Contribution of sub-index to GEC

Fig. 36.2

Rank of sub-index of GEC

Fig. 36.3

Score and rank of the pillars of GEC

Table 36.1

Score and rank of all indicators of GEC

Indicators

Score

Rank

1 Resource Environment Competitiveness

19.70

47

1.1 Land Resources

5.02

121

Land area per capita

7.74

30

Percentage of arable land to total land area

2.84

120

Arable land per capita

3.57

108

1.2 Water Resources

38.23

24

Surface water

13.38

21

Annual precipitation

52.49

32

Groundwater

27.09

30

Total internal renewable water resources

59.96

13

1.3 Forest Resources

29.95

66

Growing stock in forest and other wooded land

59.08

17

Proportion of land area covered by forest

25.63

75

Forest area per capita

6.57

27

1.4 Energy Resources

4.14

78

Fossil energy

0.00

64

Energy production

0.54

77

Proportion of combustible renewable and waste to total energy consumption

16.99

48

Net energy imports of the energy consumption

3.67

105

2 Ecological Environment Competitiveness

57.72

26

2.1 Biodiversity

61.66

14

threatened fish species

90.57

53

threatened mammal species

89.13

99

threatened plant species

98.02

89

GEF benefits index for biodiversity

15.30

21

2.2 Ecological Safeguard

28.81

50

Terrestrial protected areas

44.84

38

Marine protected areas

4.78

42

2.3 Air Quality

76.43

39

Inhalable particles (PM10)

66.42

94

Particulate matter (PM2.5)

87.25

51

Index of indoor air pollution

100.00

1

Nitrogen oxides emission

67.27

82

Sulfur dioxide emission

37.37

112

3 Environment Carrying Competitiveness

67.94

57

3.1 Agricultural Carrying

71.89

37

Cereal yield per unit of arable land

72.81

9

Fertilizer consumption per unit of arable land

51.80

125

Annual freshwater withdrawals for agriculture per unit of arable land

90.76

109

3.2 Industrial Carrying

92.68

50

Net exports of goods as a percentage of GDP

79.28

75

Electric power consumption per unit of value added of industry

95.06

34

SO2 emissions per unit of value added of industry

99.57

99

Annual freshwater withdrawals for industry per value added of industry

96.82

73

3.3 Energy Consumption

34.52

53

Energy consumption per unit of land area

99.92

40

Ratio of clean energy consumption

12.94

43

Elasticity of energy consumption

13.92

66

Elasticity of electric power consumption

11.30

43

3.4 Greenhouse Gas

58.31

95

Growth rate of CO2 emissions

45.53

89

Growth rate of Methane emissions

61.05

46

CO2 emissions per unit of land area

99.90

49

CO2 emissions per unit of energy consumption

39.55

74

4 Environment Management Competitiveness

52.33

52

4.1 Environmental Governance

92.20

57

Agricultural chemicals regulation

100.00

1

Percentage of the rural population with access to an improved water source

75.00

85

Percentage of the urban population with access to an improved water source

99.00

51

4.2 Ecological Protection

36.81

54

Area of plantation and afforestation

3.09

19

Biome protect

59.90

66

Overfishing of fishing resources

58.67

38

4.3 Resource Utilization

33.17

81

Utilization rate of water resources

0.05

111

Percentage of total internal renewable water resources to total water resources

83.24

29

Percentage of agricultural land to total land area

25.03

111

Percentage of fossil fuel energy consumption to total energy consumption

24.37

67

5 Environment Harmony Competitiveness

73.56

16

5.1 Population and Environment

81.11

11

Percentage of population with access to Improved sanitation facilities

96.00

42

Motor vehicles per 1,000 people

78.77

80

Renewable internal freshwater resources per capita

61.94

7

SO2 emissions per capita

69.90

122

CO2 emissions per capita

89.05

77

Energy consumption per capita

86.85

72

5.2 Economy and Environment

66.02

59

Land resource utilization efficiency

0.10

68

Sulfur dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

81.93

108

Carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP

89.71

57

Energy consumption per unit of GDP

92.33

29

Table 36.2

Rank distribution of the individual indicators of GEC

Sub-index

Number of the individual indicators

Rank 1–10

Rank 11–30

Rank 31–60

Rank 61–100

Rank 101–133

Resource Environment Competitiveness

14

0

5

2

5

2

Ecological Environment Competitiveness

11

1

1

5

4

0

Environment Carrying Competitiveness

15

1

0

8

5

1

Environment Management Competitiveness

10

1

2

2

3

2

Environment Harmony Competitiveness

10

1

1

3

3

2

Total

60

4

9

20

20

7

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Jianping
    • 1
  • Li Minrong
    • 2
  • Wang Jinnan
    • 3
  • Li Jianjian
    • 1
  • Su Hongwen
    • 4
  • Huang Maoxing
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EconomicsFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Fujian Provincial Administration of Press and PublicationFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Chinese Academy for Environmental PlanningBeijingChina
  4. 4.Development Research Center of the StateJournal of Management World Editorial Office Council of ChinaBeijingChina

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