International Workshop on Public Key Cryptography

PKC 2014: Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2014 pp 501-519 | Cite as

Functional Signatures and Pseudorandom Functions

  • Elette Boyle
  • Shafi Goldwasser
  • Ioana Ivan
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8383)

Abstract

We introduce two new cryptographic primitives: functional digital signatures and functional pseudorandom functions.

In a functional signature scheme, in addition to a master signing key that can be used to sign any message, there are signing keys for a function f, which allow one to sign any message in the range of f. As a special case, this implies the ability to generate keys for predicates P, which allow one to sign any message m for which P(m) = 1.

We show applications of functional signatures to constructing succinct non-interactive arguments and delegation schemes. We give several general constructions for this primitive based on different computational hardness assumptions, and describe the trade-offs between them in terms of the assumptions they require and the size of the signatures.

In a functional pseudorandom function, in addition to a master secret key that can be used to evaluate the pseudorandom function F on any point in the domain, there are additional secret keys for a function f, which allow one to evaluate F on any y for which there exists an x such that f(x) = y. As a special case, this implies pseudorandom functions with selective access, where one can delegate the ability to evaluate the pseudorandom function on inputs y for which a predicate P(y) = 1 holds. We define and provide a sample construction of a functional pseudorandom function family for prefix-fixing functions. This construction yields, in particular, punctured pseudorandom functions, which have proven an invaluable tool in recent advances in obfuscation (Sahai and Waters ePrint 2013).

Keywords

Dinate Cali Padding 

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Copyright information

© International Association for Cryptologic Research 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elette Boyle
    • 1
  • Shafi Goldwasser
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ioana Ivan
    • 2
  1. 1.Technion – Israel Institute of TechnologyIsrael
  2. 2.MIT CSAILUSA
  3. 3.Weizmann Institute of ScienceIsrael

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