• Ghazi M. Rayan
  • Joseph Upton III


A solitary enchondroma is the most common primary skeletal tumor in the hand in both adults and children. These tumors usually present as asymptomatic masses, incidentally on radiographs, or as the cause of pathologic fractures. They are located in the metaphyses or diaphysis of tubular bones of the extremities, most commonly in the hands and feet [1]. Those adjacent to joints tend to be more symptomatic causing enlargement and deformities of the affected digit (Fig. 1.1) or limb [2]. Many patients with isolated, solitary lesions present with pain and pathologic fractures following minimal trauma (Fig. 1.2).


Pathologic Fracture Venous Malformation Granulosa Cell Tumor Malignant Degeneration Tubular Bone 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Orthopaedic Surgery – HandINTEGRIS Baptist Medical CenterOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Chestnut HillUSA

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