Herpes Simplex and Varicella Zoster
Herpes simplex virus types one and two (HSV-1 and HSV-2) affect millions of Americans and causes a lifelong, recurrent rash characterized by vesicles and ulcers that can last for 10–14 days. HSV-1 is often acquired in childhood by nonsexual transmission and most commonly affects the oral mucosa, whereas HSV-2 is sexually transmitted and causes genital lesions. African American patients are disproportionately affected by genital herpes compared to Caucasians. Herpes zoster is caused by reactivation of the varicella zoster virus and presents as an intensely painful, vesicular rash that is distributed along a dermatome. Treatment for both conditions includes oral antivirals for an episodic outbreak or suppressive therapy for recurrent herpes simplex.
KeywordsHerpes Simplex Virus Herpes Zoster Varicella Zoster Virus Genital Herpes Postherpetic Neuralgia
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