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Thoraxverletzungen

  • Kai-Uwe SchmittEmail author
  • Peter F. Niederer
  • Duane S. Cronin
  • Markus H. Muser
  • Felix Walz
Chapter
Part of the VDI-Buch book series (VDI-BUCH)

Zusammenfassung

Verletzungen des Thorax werden im Allgemeinen in Frontal- und Seitenkollisionen sowie in Kollisionen, deren Anprallwinkel zwischen diesen beiden Extremen liegt, erlitten. Häufig entstehen Thoraxverletzungen durch direkten Anprall, beispielsweise an Strukturen des Fahrzeuginnenraums wie dem Lenkrad, dem Sicherheitsgurt, der Türe oder dem Armaturenbrett. Im Sport kann ein Anprall durch Kontakt mit einem Mitspieler (Fussball, Eishockey) oder durch Schläge (Boxen, Taekwondo) erfolgen. Die meisten Thoraxverletzungen entstehen als Folge eines stumpfen Anpralls. Verletzungen durch Kontakt mit spitzen, scharfkantigen Objekten sind im Rahmen von Strassenverkehrsunfällen selten. Sie können allenfalls durch Gegenstände im Fahrzeuginnenraum verursacht werden oder kommen vor, wenn ein Fahrzeuginsasse aus dem Fahrzeug herausgeschleudert wird. Verletzungen durch stumpfen Anprall stehen daher im Vordergrund dieses Kapitels.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai-Uwe Schmitt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter F. Niederer
    • 1
  • Duane S. Cronin
    • 2
  • Markus H. Muser
    • 3
  • Felix Walz
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für biomedizinische TechnikUniversität und ETH ZürichZürichSchweiz
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada
  3. 3.AGU ZürichZürichSchweiz

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