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Verletzungen der Wirbelsäule

  • Kai-Uwe SchmittEmail author
  • Peter F. Niederer
  • Duane S. Cronin
  • Markus H. Muser
  • Felix Walz
Chapter
Part of the VDI-Buch book series (VDI-BUCH)

Zusammenfassung

Verletzungen der Wirbelsäule und insbesondere des Rückenmarks können zu lang andauernden Beeinträchtigungen bis hin zu Querschnittslähmungen oder Tetraplegien führen. Die Halswirbelsäule ist das Segment der Wirbelsäule, das am häufigsten verletzt wird. Da Hals und Kopf eine funktionelle Einheit bilden, schliessen Belastungen des Kopfes oftmals auch eine Belastung des Halses ein.

Im Strassenverkehr werden schwere Halswirbelsäulenverletzungen beispielsweise bei Unfällen mit nicht angegurteten Fahrzeuginsassen (Kopfanprall) oder bei Motorradunfällen (mit und ohne Helm) beobachtet. Die überwiegende Mehrheit der Halswirbelsäulenverletzungen gehört jedoch zur Gruppe der leichten Weichteilverletzungen, die üblicherweise als AIS1 klassifiziert werden. „Schleudertrauma“ ist wahrscheinlich der am häufigsten verwendete Begriff; um diese Halswirbelsäulen-Beschwerden zu beschreiben. Tatsächlich sind diese HWS-Beschwerden die am häufigsten im Strassenverkehr erlittenen chwerden zu b“ und daher von besonderer Bedeutung.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai-Uwe Schmitt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter F. Niederer
    • 1
  • Duane S. Cronin
    • 2
  • Markus H. Muser
    • 3
  • Felix Walz
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für biomedizinische TechnikUniversität und ETH ZürichZürichSchweiz
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada
  3. 3.AGU ZürichZürichSchweiz

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