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Kopfverletzungen

  • Kai-Uwe SchmittEmail author
  • Peter F. Niederer
  • Duane S. Cronin
  • Markus H. Muser
  • Felix Walz
Chapter
Part of the VDI-Buch book series (VDI-BUCH)

Zusammenfassung

Einer kurzen Zusammenfassung der relevanten anatomischen Strukturen des Kopfes folgt eine Beschreibung und Klassifikation möglicher Kopfverletzungen und der entsprechenden Verletzungsmechanismen. Anschliessend werden das biomechanische Verhalten des Kopfes, das in verschiedenen Experimenten untersucht wurde, sowie daraus abgeleitete Verletzungskriterien, mit deren Hilfe die Belastungen des Kopfes in Crashtests quantifiziert werden, diskutiert. Spezielle Aspekte von Kopfverletzungen im Sport werden in einem eigenen Kapitel behandelt. Abschliessend werden grundlegende Prinzipien zur Prävention von Kopfverletzungen vorgestellt. Sicherheitsgurte und Airbags können Kopfverletzungen durch das Vermeiden eines Kopfanpralls verhindern. Helme oder deformierbare Strukturen im Fahrzeuginnenraum bzw. an äusseren Fahrzeugstrukturen können die Folgen eines Kopfanpralls durch Verteilung der Anprallkraft auf eine grössere Fläche und durch Energieabsorption mildern.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai-Uwe Schmitt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter F. Niederer
    • 1
  • Duane S. Cronin
    • 2
  • Markus H. Muser
    • 3
  • Felix Walz
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für biomedizinische TechnikUniversität und ETH ZürichZürichSchweiz
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada
  3. 3.AGU ZürichZürichSchweiz

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