Adventitious Root Development in Ornamental Plants: Insights from Carnation Stem Cuttings

  • Antonio Cano
  • José Manuel Pérez-PérezEmail author
  • Manuel AcostaEmail author
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 40)


Adventitious rooting is an important factor ensuring vegetative propagation of a number of plant species. Carnation is, after rose, the most important species on the worldwide market of cut flowers. Our current knowledge about adventitious rooting in carnation has gain insight from physiological studies, showing that root induction in the cutting is affected by complex interactions between sucrose and hormone levels, particularly auxin. However, the genetic determinants of the differences found in rooting performance between carnation cultivars are still unknown. We are developing new approaches to characterize in detail stem cutting morphology and adventitious root (AR) architecture in carnation cuttings. Recent developments in sequencing technologies allow genome-wide genetic variation discovery among landraces and cultivars, which can then be used for the discovery of trait-linked markers through genome-wide association (GWA) studies. The identification of the genes involved in AR formation in this species will help establishing a marker-assisted selection (MAS) approach to select for improved adventitious rooting performance in current carnation breeding programs.


Quantitative Trait Locus Adventitious Root Jasmonic Acid Auxin Transport Stem Cutting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Work in the laboratory of J.M. Pérez-Pérez is supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain (grant no. AGL2012-33610) and by FEDER Funds of the European Commission. We are especially indebted to Emilio A. Cano (Barberet & Blanc, S.A.) for plant material and to E.A. Cano and Paul Passarinho (Genetwister Technologies, the Netherlands) for fruitful discussions and comments to the manuscript.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Vegetal (Fisiología Vegetal)Universidad de MurciaMurciaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto de BioingenieríaUniversidad Miguel HernándezElche, AlicanteSpain

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