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Electrospun Nanofibers for Air Filtration

  • Na Wang
  • Xue Mao
  • Shichao Zhang
  • Jianyong Yu
  • Bin Ding
Chapter
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)

Abstract

Fine particle pollution resulting from the rapid urbanization and industrialization is one of the most serious sources of air pollution. In response to the recognized threats of fine particles to the environment and human bodies, the pursuit of novel, high-performance, energy saving, and environmentally friendly filter medium has gained great interest in recent years. Electrospun nanofibrous membranes, as one of the utmost promising and versatile filter media for fine particle filtration, possess several fascinating features such as remarkable specific surface area, high open porosity, and interconnected porous structure. More significantly, electrospun nanofiber-based filter media are expected to have extremely high filtration efficiency for fine particle and relatively low pressure drop due to the unique structure of electrospun nanofibers. In this chapter, we summarize the recent progress in the development of electrospun nanofibrous membranes (e.g., organic, hybrid, inorganic) for fine particle filtration, describe the types of nanofibrous materials that have been developed, and discuss their structure variables and particle filtration performance in detail. This chapter may trigger the development of advanced nanofibrous filter media for fine particle emissions from anthropogenic polluted atmosphere.

Keywords

Filter Medium Filtration Efficiency Electrospun Nanofibers Filtration Performance Fibrous Membrane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the National Key Technology Research and Development Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2013BAC01B02), National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, 2011CB606103), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51173022 and U1232116), the Huo Yingdong Foundation (131070), and the Program for New Century Talents of the University in China.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Na Wang
    • 1
  • Xue Mao
    • 1
  • Shichao Zhang
    • 1
  • Jianyong Yu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bin Ding
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Nanomaterials Research Center, Modern Textile InstituteDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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