Renal Vascular Abnormalities
The application of imaging continues to play an increasing role in the evaluation of patients with suspected genitourinary disease. Cross-sectional imaging is now routine in evaluating renal vascular abnormalities in both the native and transplant kidneys. Grayscale and Doppler ultrasound have become the first-line modality for this work-up in many institutions. These modalities provide anatomic and functional information about the kidney function and vascular supply. In this chapter, normal anatomy and disease processes will be reviewed, emphasizing the various strengths and weaknesses of ultrasound, computed tomographic angiography (CTA), and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).
KeywordsRenal Artery Compute Tomographic Angiography Magnetic Resonance Angiography Renal Vein Renal Artery Stenosis
- Brown KG, Mohammed AJ, Kirsch TH, Chung J, Dyer JH, Ginsberg DS, Heitkamp ME, Kanne DE, Kazerooni JP, Ketai EA, Parker LH, Ravenel JA, Saleh JG, Shah AG, Steiner RD, Suh RM, RD. American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria: renovascular hypertension [cited Nov 27, 2013]. Available from: http://www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/AppCriteria/Diagnostic/RenovascularHypertension.pdf
- Downey D (1998) The retroperitoneum and great vessels. In: Rumack C, Wilson S, Charboneau J (eds) Diagnostic ultrasound, 2nd edn. Mosby, Saint Louis, pp 453–486Google Scholar
- Pellerito, JS. Renal artery stenosis. Paper presented at: Advances in Sonography; October 26, 2002. San Francisco, CA. pp 140–142.Google Scholar