Introduction: Historical Remarks
What is maximized by natural selection? A general answer is the expected reproductive success of the individual; i.e. mean individual fitness. This basic fitness maximization principle underlies much of the modern evolutionary theory of adaptation (Fisher 1930, Williams 1966, Maynard Smith 1978). Criticism of the hypothesis of fitness maximization has, however, also been widespread (e.g. Dupré 1987).
KeywordsNatural Selection Environmental Stochasticity Optimization Principle Stochastic Environment Patchy Environment
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