Introduction: Historical Remarks

  • Jin Yoshimura
  • Colin W. Clark
Part of the Lecture Notes in Biomathematics book series (LNBM, volume 98)


What is maximized by natural selection? A general answer is the expected reproductive success of the individual; i.e. mean individual fitness. This basic fitness maximization principle underlies much of the modern evolutionary theory of adaptation (Fisher 1930, Williams 1966, Maynard Smith 1978). Criticism of the hypothesis of fitness maximization has, however, also been widespread (e.g. Dupré 1987).


Natural Selection Environmental Stochasticity Optimization Principle Stochastic Environment Patchy Environment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jin Yoshimura
    • 1
  • Colin W. Clark
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Applied MathematicsThe University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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