Acoustical Bubble Spectrometry at Sea

  • H. Medwin
Part of the Springer Series in Electrophysics book series (SSEP, volume 4)


We’ve come a long way since the early 1960s when a prominent oceanographer wrote a memorandum titled “Do Invisible Microbubbles Exist in the Sea?” Our first bubble count at sea used an optical technique [1]. But the optical scattering cross section is at most equal to the geometrical cross section. Therefore, photographic techniques are restricted to small volumes. Furthermore, the optical identification of bubbles in a sea laden with detritus requires at least proof of sphericity. For small bubbles this proof is additionally constrained by the Rayleigh criterion for resolution.


Wave Height Bubble Radius Phase Fluctuation Speed Fluctuation Geometrical Cross Section 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Medwin
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics and Chemistry DepartmentNaval Postgraduate SchoolMontereyUSA

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