Synergetics as a Strategy to Cope with Complex Systems

  • H. Haken
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN, volume 62)


This contribution gives a brief outline of the three main approaches of synergetics: a) the microscopic approach based on evolution equations for the variables of the subsystems of a complex system b) the macroscopic approach based on the maximum information principle c) the phenomenological approach based on order parameter equations.


Phenomenological Approach Finger Movement Individual Part Microscopic Approach Bimanual Coordination 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Haken
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Theoretical Physics and SynergeticsStuttgart 80 (Vaihingen)Fed. Rep. of Germany

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