Advertisement

Other Disorders of Bones and Joints

  • Cornelis J. P. Thijn
Chapter
  • 71 Downloads

Abstract

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is probably a primary neurogenic abnormality. Decreased motion leads to deformity, muscle atrophy, musculoligamentous contractures, and joint ankylosis. On autopsy, a decrease in the size of the spinal cord, a decreased number of anterior horn cells, and signs of motor demyelinization are found [1]. In some cases autosomal recessive inheritance is likely, but most cases are sporadic. The clinical picture is characterized by: limitation of active and passive motility, symmetrical joint contractures (usually flexion contractures), pes equinovarus, hip dislocation (mostly bilateral), and scoliosis (15%–40% of cases). Congenital heart anomalies, microcephaly, esophageal atresia, and genitourinary malformations have also been described [2].

Keywords

Psoriatic Arthritis Fibrous Dysplasia Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Giant Cell Tumor Aneurysmal Bone Cyst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ozonoff MB (1971) Pediatric orthopedic radiology. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Christ F, Anders G (1981) Die Röntgenmorphologie der Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 135:592–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Friedlander HL, Westin GW, Wood L Jr (1968) Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. A review of forty-five cases. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 50:89–112Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Poznanski AK, La Rowe PC (1970) Radiographic manifestations of the arthrogryposis syndrome. Radiology 95:353–358PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Steinbach HL, Gold R, Preger L (1975) Roentgen appearance of the hand in diffuse disease. Year Book Medical Publishers, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Teske HJ, Heckemann R, Mayer HJ, Odenwälder H, Krautzun K (1978) Zum Stellenwert der Röntgendiagnostik bei der tuberösen Sklerose (Morbus Bourneville). Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 129:770–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Whitaker PH (1959) Radiological manifestations in tuberous sclerosis. Br J Radiol 32:152–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Green GJ (1968) The radiology of tuberous sclerosis. Clin Radiol 19:135–147PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Holt JF, Dickerson WW (1952) The osseous lesions of tuberous sclerosis. Radiology 58:1–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pitt MJ, Mosher JF, Edeiken J (1972) Abnormal periosteum and bone in neurofibromatosis. Radiology 103:143–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Steinbach HL, Gold RH, Preger L (1975) The hand in diffuse disease. Year Book Medical Publishers, ChicagoGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D (1983) Case report 240. Skeletal Radiol 10:131–136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rogers JG, Geho WB (1979) Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. A survey of forty-two cases. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 58:48–57Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Connor JM, Evans DAP (1982) Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. The clinical features and natural history of 34 patients. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 64:76–83Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Smith R, Russell RGG, Woods CG (1976) Myositis ossificans progressiva. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 58:48–57Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Bourde C (1974) The Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber syndromes; a practical and therapeutic classification based on angiographic findings. Ann Radiol (Paris) 17:101–106Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    May R, Nissl R (1959) Die angeborenen venösen Mi ßbildungen und Anomalien. Die Phlebographie der unteren Extremität. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hoogendam IJ (1974) Aangeboren vaatmisvormingen in de extremiteiten. Congenital vascular malformations in the extremities. Thesis, Van der Loeff BV, EnschedeGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schönenberg H, Redemann M (1972) Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber Syndrom. Klin Pädiatr 184:449–460PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brooksaler F (1966) The angioosteohypertrophy syndrome. Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber syndrome. Am J Dis Child 112:161–164PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Becker C, Becker HW (1967) Beitrag zur vasculo-ossalen Dysembryoplasie nach Klippel-Trénaunay mit Fehlen der tiefen Venen. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 107:258–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Langer M, Langer R (1982) Radiologisch erfaßbare Veränderungen der Angiodysplasien Typ Klippel-Trénaunay und Typ Servelle-Martorell. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 136:557–582Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Langer M, Langer R (1981) Radiologic analysis of bone structure in congenital angiodysplasia. Eur J Radiol 1:195–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leipner N, Janson R, Kühr J (1982) Angiomatöse Dysplasie (Typ F.P. Weber). Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 137:73–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Fredrickson DS, Goldstein JL, Brown MS (1978) The familial hyperlipoproteinemias. In: Stanbury JB, Wijngaarden J, Fredrickson DS (eds) The metabolic basis of inherited disease. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vermeer BJ (1979) Biochemical and ultrastructural investigations on hyperlipoproteinemia and xanthomatosis. Thesis, LeydenGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yaghmai I (1978) Intraosseous and extraosseous xan-thomata associated with hyperlipemia. Radiology 128:49–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bjersand AJ (1979) Bone changes in hypercholesterolemia. Radiology 130:101–102PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Rybak M (1969) Dysplasie du squelette et maturation osseuse dans l’insuffisance thyroÏdienne de l’enfant. Ann. Radiol. 13:243–249Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Borg SA, Fitzer PM, Young LW (1975) Roentgenologic aspects of adult cretinism. Two case reports and review of the literature. AJR 123:820–828Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hernandez RJ, Poznanski AK, Hopwood NJ (1979) Size and skeletal maturation of the hand in children with hypothyroidism and hypopituitarism. AJR 133:405–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hernandez RJ, Poznanski AK (1979) Distinctive appearance of the distal phalanges in children with primary hypothyroidism. Radiology 132:83–84PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Anton HC (1972) Hand measurements in acromegaly. Clin Radiol 23:445–450PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lin SR, Lee KF (1971) Relative value of some radiographic measurements of the hand in the diagnosis of acromegaly. Invest Radiol 6:426–431PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Erbe W von, Stephan G, Böttcher H (1975) Das Muster der Skelettveränderungen bei der Akromegalie. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 122:317–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Littlejohn GO, Urowitz MB, Smythe HA, Keystone EC (1981) Radiographic features of the hand in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH): comparison with normal subjects and acromegalic patients. Radiology 140:623–629PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moule B, Grant MC, Boyle IT, May H (1970) Thyroid acropachy. Clin Radiol 21:329–333PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Cremin BJ, Fisher RM (1970) The lesions of congenital syphilis. Br J Radiol 43:333–341PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Levin EJ (1970) Healing in congenital osseous syphilis. AJR 110:591–597Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Murray RO, Jacobson HG (1977) The radiology of skeletal disorders. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chipps BE, Schwischuk LE, Voelter WW (1976) Single bone involvement in congenital syphilis. Pediatr Radiol 5:30–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Poznanski AK (1984) The hand in radiologic diagnosis. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Newman JH (1976) Review of septic arthritis throughout the antibiotic era. Ann Rheum Dis 35:198–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hutto JH, Ayoub EM (1975) Streptococcal osteomyelitis and arthritis in a neonate. Am J Dis Child 129:1449–1453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaufmann CA, Watanakunakorn C, Phair JP (1976) Pneumococcal arthritis. J Rheumatol 3:409–412Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Garcia-Kutzbach, Masi AT (1974) Acute infectious agent arthritis (IAA): a detailed comparison of proved gonococcal and other blood-borne bacterial arthritis. J Rheumatol 1:93–98PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Capitanio MA, Kirkpatrick JA (1970) Early roentgen observations in acute osteomyelitis. AJR 108:488–496Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Nienhuis RLF (1977) Laboratorium onderzoek bij gewrichtsafwijkingen. Laboratory investigations in joint diseases. Merck Sharp and Dohme, HaarlemGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carvallo A de, Grandal H (1980) Radiographic progression of rheumatoid arthritis related to some clinical and laboratory parameters. Acta Radiol 21:551–555Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Martel W (1964) The pattern of rheumatoid arthritis in the hand and wrist. Radiol Clin North Am 2:221–234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marshall TR (1968) Radiographic changes in rheumatoid arthritis in the digits. Radiology 90:121–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martel W, Hayes JT, Duff IF (1965) The pattern of bone erosion in the hand and wrist in rheumatoid arthritis. Radiology 84:204–214PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Resnick D, Niwayama (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gold RH, Metzger AL, Mirra JM, Weinberger HJ, Killebrew K (1973) Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (lipoid dermato-arthritis). An erosive polyarthritis with distinctive clinical, roentgenographic and pathologic features. AJR 124:610–624Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Freyschmidt J, Wilmowsky H v, Krmpotic L (1978) Multizentrische Retikulohistiozytose als Ursache einer „erosiv-destruktiven Arthropathie“. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 129:605–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Stoeber E (1978) Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and Still’s syndrome (in Dutch). Folia Rheumatologica 1–20, Ciba GeigyGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ansell BM (1978) Chronic arthritis in childhood. Ann Rheum Dis 37:107–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ansell BM, Kent PA (1977) Radiological changes in juvenile chronic polyarthritis. Skeletal Radiol 1:129–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Martel W, Holt JF, Cassidy JT (1962) Roentgenologic manifestations of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. AJR 88:400–423Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G(1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meaney TF, Hays RA (1957) Roentgen manifestations of psoriatic arthritis. Radiology 68:403–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Martel W, Stuck KJ, Dworin AM, Hylland RG (1980) Erosive osteoarthritis and psoriatic arthritis. A radiologic comparison in the hand, wrist and foot. AJR 134:125–135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Avila R, Pugh D, Slocumb CH, Winkelmann RK (1960) Psoriatic arthritis: a roentgenologic study. Radiology 75:691–702PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Martel W, Braunstein EM, Borlaza G, Good AE, Griffin PE (1979) Radiologic features of Reiter disease. Radiology 132:1–10PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D, Reinke RT, Taketa RM (1975) Early-onset gouty arthritis. Radiology 114:67–73PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bloch C, Hermann G, Yu TF (1980) A radiologic reevaluation of gout: a study of 2000 patients. AJR 134:781–787PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schabel SI, Korn JH, Rittenberg GM, Leman RB (1978) Bone infarction in gout. Skeletal Radiol 3:42–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Feldman F, Auerbach R, Johnston A (1971) Tuberculous dactylitis in the adult. AJR 112:460–479Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cremin BJ, Fischer RM, Levinsohn MW (1970) Multiple bone tuberculosis in the young. Br J Radiol 43:638–645PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Enna CD, Jacobson RB, Rausch RO (1971) Bone changes in leprosy: a correlation of clinical and radiographic features. Radiology 100:295–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Murray RO, Jacobson HG (1977) The radiology of skeletal disorders. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Faget GH, Mayoral A (1944) Bone changes in leprosy: a clinical and roentgenological study of 505 cases. Radiology 42:1–13Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Goldman CH, Smith SJ (1943) X-ray appearance of bone in yaws. Br J Radiol 16:234–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Riseborough AW, Joske RA, Vaughan BF (1961) Hand deformities due to yaws in Western Australian aborigines. Clin Radiol 12:109–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cockshott WP (1963) Dactylitis and growth disorders. Br J Radiol 36:19–26PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jones BS (1972) Doigt en lorgnette and concentric bone atrophy associated with healed yaws osteitis. Report of two cases. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 54:341–345Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    James DG, Neville E, Carstairs LS (1976) Bone and joint sarcoidosis. Semin Arthritis Rheum 6:53–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Uehlinger E, Wurm K (1976) Skelettsarkoidose. Lite-raturübersicht und Fallbericht. Fortschr Geb Rönt-genstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 125:111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barbour GL, Coburn JW, Slatopolsky E, Norman AW, Horst RL (1981) Hypercalcemia in an anephric patient with sarcoidosis: evidence for extrarenal generation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. N Engl J Med 305:440–443PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bonakdarpour A, Levy W, Augerter E (1971) Osteosclerotic changes in sarcoidosis. AJR 113:646–649Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fitzgerald P, Meenan FOC (1958) Sarcoidosis of the hands. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 40:256–261Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Graham DY, Gonzales J, Kothari SM (1978) Diffuse skeletal angiomatosis. Skeletal Radiol 2:131–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Martel W, Snarr JW, Horn JR (1973) The metacarpophalangeal joints in interphalangeal osteoarthritis. Radiology 108:1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stechen RM (1955) Heberden’s nodes. A clinical description of osteoarthritis of the finger joints. Ann Rheum Dis 14:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Weissman BN, Rappoport AS, Leland Sosman J, Schur PH (1978) Radiographic findings in the hands in patients with systemic lupus erythematodes. Radiology 126:313–317PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bleifeld CJ, Inglis AE (1974) The hand in systemic lupus erythematodes. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 56:1207–1215Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Russell AS, Percy JS, Rigal WM, Wilson GL (1974) Deforming arthropathy in systemic lupus erythematodes. Ann Rheum Dis 33:204–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Noonan CD, Odone DT, Engleman EP, Splitter SD (1963) Roentgenographic manifestations of joint disease in systemic lupus erythematodes. Radiology 80:837–843PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Netherlands Committee on Bone Tumours (1966) Radiologic atlas of bone tumours, vol 1. Mouton, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Netherlands Committee on Bone Tumours (1973) Radiologic atlas of bone tumours, vol 2. Mouton, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mulder JD, Poppe H, Von Ronnen JR (1981) Primäre Knochengeschwülste. In: Lehrbuch der Röntgendiagnostik, II/2. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Takigawa K (1971) Chondroma of the bones of the hand. A review of 110 cases. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 53:1591–1600Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vinstein AL, Franken EA Jr (1971) Hereditary multiple exostoses. AJR 112:405–407Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dahlin DC, McLeod RA (1982) Aneurysmal bone cyst and other nonneoplastic conditions. Skeletal Radiol 8:243–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lodwick GS (1971) Atlas of tumour radiology. The bones and joints. Year Book Medical Publishers, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ghormley RK, Clegg RS (1948) Bone and joint changes in hemophilia. With a report of cases of so-called hemophilic pseudotumor. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 30:589–600Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wilner D (1982) Radiology of bone tumors and allied disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pirschel J, Metzger HOFJ, Wissmann C (1978) Zur Metastasierung maligner Tumoren in die Skelettperipherie. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 129:621–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Byers P, Mantle J, Ralm R (1966) Epidermal cysts of phalanges. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 48:577–581Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hoessly M, Lagier R (1982) Anatomico-radiological study of intraosseous epidermoid cysts. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 137:48–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Ackerman LV (1958) Extraosseous localised non-neo-plastic bone and cartilage formation (so called myositis ossificans). Clinical and pathological confusion with malignant neoplasms. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 40:279–298Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Netherlands Committee on Bone Tumours (1973) Radiologic atlas of bone tumours, vol 2. Mouton, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goldman A (1976) Myositis ossificans circumscripta: benign lesion with a malignant differential diagnosis. AJR 126:32–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jeffreys TE, Stiles PJ (1966) Pseudomalignant osseous tumour of soft tissue. J Bone Joint Surg 48:488–492Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chaplin DM, Harrison MHM (1972) Pseudomalignant osseous tumour of soft tissue. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 54:334–340Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wilner D (1982) Radiology of bone and allied disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Griffiths HJ, Robinson K, Bonfiglio TA (1983) Aggressive fibromatosis. Skeletal Radiol 9:179–184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reye RDK (1965) Recurring digital fibrous tumours of childhood. Arch Pathol 80:228–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bloem JJ, Vuzevski VD, Huffstadt AJC (1974) Recurring digital fibroma of infancy. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 56:746–751Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bonakdarpour A, Pickering JE, Resnick EJ (1978) Case report 49. Fibromatosis. Skeletal Radiol 2:181–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Reference

  1. 1.
    Netherlands Committee on Bone Tumours (1973) Radiologic atlas of bone tumours, vol 2. Mouton, The HagueGoogle Scholar

Reference

  1. 1.
    De Benedetti MJ, Schwinn CP (1979) Tenosynovial chondromatosis of the hand. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 61:898–903Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Morris JW (1965) Skeletal fluorosis among Indians of the American South West. AJR 94:608–615Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Soriano M, Manchón F (1966) Radiological aspects of a new type of bone fluorosis, periostitis deformans. Radiology 87:1089–1094PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Teotia M, Teotia SPS, Kunwar KB (1971) Endemic skeletal fluorosis. Arch Dis Child 48:686–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stevenson CA, Watson RA (1957) Fluoride osteosclerosis. AJR 78:13–18Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Leone AJ (1968) On lead lines. AJR 103:165–167Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schwörer I, Kaul A, Stolpmann HJ, Hunger J (1983) Bleieinlagerung im Knochen — Röntgenaufnahme als Nachweismethode? Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nu-klearmed Ergänzungsband 138:84–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pease CN, Newton GG (1962) Metaphyseal dysplasia due to lead poisoning. Radiology 79:233–240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Hulten O (1935) Über die Entstehung und Behandlung der Lunatummalazie (Morbus Kienböck). Acta Chir Scand 75:121–135Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gelberman RH, Salamon PB, Jurist JM, Posch JL (1975) Ulnar variance in Kienböck’s disease. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 57:674–678Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pöschl M (1971) Juvenile osteo-chondro-nekrosen. In: Diethelm L (ed) Röntgendiagnostik der Skeleterkran-kungen. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York (Handbuch der medizinischen Radiologie, vol 5/4)Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Blair JR, Schatzki P, Orr KD (1957) Sequelae to cold injury in one hundred patients. A follow-up study four years after occurrence of cold injury. JAMA 163:1203–1210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tishler J (1972) The soft tissue and bone changes in frostbite injuries. Radiology 102:511–513PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Selke AC Jr (1969) Destruction of phalangeal epiphyses by frostbite. Radiology 93:859–860PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carrera GF, Kozin F, Flaherty L, McCarty DJ (1981) Radiographic changes in the hands following childhood frostbite injury. Skeletal Radiol 6:33–37PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Blender W (1980) Röntgenologische Veränderungen der Hand nach Erfrierung III. Grades. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 133:674–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Yune HY, Vix VA, Klatte EC (1971) Early fingertip changes in scleroderma. JAMA 215:113–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Poznanski AK (1984) The hand in radiologic diagnosis. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bassett LW, Blocka KLN, Furst DE, Clements J, Gold RH (1981) Skeletal findings in progressive systemic sclerosis (Scleroderma). AJR 136:1121–1126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brandt KD, Krey PB (1977) Chalky joint effusion: result of massive synovial deposition of calcium apatite in progressive systemic sclerosis. Arthritis Rheum 20:792–796PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rabinowitz JG, Twersky J, Guttadauria M (1974) Similar bone manifestations of scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis. AJR 121:35–44Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Winter H, Kammerhuber F (1975) Seltene Lokalisation von Knochenveränderungen bei progressiver (diffuser) Sklerodermie. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 122:364–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kauffman GW, Reinbold WD, Hagedorn M (1983) Röntgenmorphologische Befunde bei Sklerodermie. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 138:607–613CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Schutte HE, Wackwitz JD (1981) Case report 171. Skeletal Radiol 7:147–149PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Immelman EJ, Bank S, Krige H, Marks IN (1964) Roentgenologic and clinical features of intramedullary fat necrosis in bones in acute and chronic pancreatitis. Am J Med 36:96–105PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boswell SH, Baylin GJ (1973) Metastatic fat necrosis and lytic bone lesions in patients with painless acute pancreatitis. Radiology 106:85–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hollingworth P, Isaacs D, Bydder Cr (1979) Recurrent osteolytic lesions and subcutaneous fat necrosis in association with a developmental pancreatic cyst. Arch Dis Child 54:790–792PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Brower AC, Allman RM (1981) Pathogenesis of the neurotrophic joint: neurotraumatic vs. neurovascular. Radiology 139:349–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Norman A, Robbins H, Milgram JE (1968) The acute neuropathic arthropathy. A rapid severely disorganizing form of arthritis. Radiology 90:1159–1164PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Seibert-Daiker FM (1978) Die Osteoarthrosis syrin-gomyelica and ihre Fehldeutungen. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 128:79–81Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Banna M, Foster JB (1972) Roentgenologic features of acrodystrophic neuropathy. AJR 115:186–191Google Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Middlemiss JH, Raper AB (1966) Skeletal changes in the haemoglobinopathies. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 48:693–701Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Caffey J (1957) Cooley’s anemia: a review of the roentgenographic findings in the skeleton. Hickey Lecture 1957. AJR 78:381–391Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Moseley JE (1963) Bone changes in hematologic disorders (roentgen aspects). Grune and Stratton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Currarino G, Erlandson ME (1964) Premature fusion of epiphyses in Cooley’s anemia. Radiology 83:656–664PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Sagher F, Even Paz Z (1967) Mastocytosis and the mast cell. Karger, BaselGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jensen WN, Lasser EC (1958) Urticaria pigmentosa associated with widespread sclerosis of the spongiosa of bone. Radiology 71:826–832PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Poppel MH, Gruber WF, Silber R, Holder AD, Christman RO (1959) The roentgen manifestations of urticaria pigmentosa (mastocytosis). AJR 82:239–249Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barer M, Peterson LFA, Dahlin DC, Winkelmann RK, Stewart JR (1968) Mastocytosis with osseous lesions resembling metastatic malignant lesions in bone. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 50:142–152Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lucaya J, Perez-Candela J, Aso C, Calvo J (1979) Mastocytosis with skeletal and gastro-intestinal involvement in infancy. Radiology 131:363–366PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rohner HG, Bartl R, Koischwitz D, Rodermund OE (1982) Haut-und Knochenbefunde bei der Mastozy-tose. Radiologe 22:545–552PubMedGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Resnick D, Niwayama G (1981) Diagnosis of bone and joint disorders. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kozlowski K, Anderson R, Tink A (1981) Multifocal recurrent periostitis. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 5:597–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hammersten JF, O’Leary J (1957) The features and significance of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. Arch Intern Med 99:431–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Arlart I, Bargon G (1981) Periostale Knochenneubildung bei Colitis ulcerosa im jugendlichen Alter. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed Ergänzungsband 135:577–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Scanion GT, Clemett AR (1964) Thyroid acropachy. Radiology 83:1039–1042Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cornelis J. P. Thijn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyState University HospitalGroningenNetherlands

Personalised recommendations