Endoscopic anatomy of the middle ear cavities

  • J.-M. Thomassin


Training in endoscopic anatomy using an optical axis is an essential preliminary to surgery under video monitoring. Unlike the books of descriptive anatomy,, the surgeon working with an oblique angle endoscope must convey a three-dimensional image, which will allow him to know exactly where he is. We have chosen to describe the endoscopic anatomy of certain regions of the middle ear cavity in terms of optical systems with different angles of vision, ie 0°, 30° and 70°. These regions, which are difficult of access or impossible to see with the operating microscope, may become so thanks to endoscopy.


Auditory Tube Deep Cavity Descriptive Anatomy Endoscopic View Tympanic Cavity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France, Paris 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.-M. Thomassin
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Chirurgie Cervico-maxillofacialeC.H.R. Sainte-MargueriteMarseille Cedex 9France

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