Advertisement

The Concept of Time in Western Antiquity

  • P. E. Ariotti

Abstract

My purpose is to trace the development of Western conceptions to Aristotle and to argue that his conception of time is best characterized as celestial reductionism of time.

Keywords

Physical World Celestial Body Circular Motion Planetary Motion Rectilinear Motion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Proclus Diadochus: Commentary of the Timaeus, IV, III, 8. 29.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hesiod: The Works and Days, 609 and 663, transi. R. Lattimore, Ann Arbor 1959.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    O. Neugebauer: The Exact Sciences in Antiquity, 2nd ed., New York 1962, p. 83.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Old Testament, Psalms, XXXI, 15, King James’ translation.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ibid., Ecclesiastes, III, 1–2.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ibid., Job, XXIV, 1.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Damascius: De principiis, 124 bis. in Kirk and Raven: The PreSocratic Philosophers, Cambridge 1966, p. 55.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sophocles: Oedipus the King, 613; Solon, frag. 27, Kirk and Raven: p. 120.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sophocles: Electra, 179; transl. R.C. Jebb.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Euripedes: Alcestis, 381; transl. R. Aldington.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Simplicus: In Aristotelis physicorum libros Commentaria, ed. H. Diels, 24, 17; Kirk and Raven p. 117.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hippolytus: Refutations, I, 7 I; Kirk and Raven: p. 144; also Augustine: De Civitate Dei, VIII, 2.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xenophanes: frag. 23; Clement: Stromata, V, 109, I; Kirk and Raven: p. 169.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Heraclitus: frag. 80; Origen: Contra Celsum, VI, 42; Kirk and Raven: ibid., p. 195.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    frag. 30; ibid. V, 104, I; ibid.; p. 199.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sextus Empiricus: Adversus mathematicos,X, 216 233; transi. R.G. Bury: Sextus Empiricus. Cambridge, Mass. 1936 and 1960, 4 vols.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Heraclitus: frag. 36; Clement: Stromata, VI, 17, 2; Kirk and Raven: p. 205.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Simplicus: In Aristotelis Categorias Commentarii, ed. Kalbfleish, Berolini, 1907, p. 350; after F. Marcolongo.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Zeller: History of Greek Philosophy, London 1881, 2 vols., vol. 1, p. 467.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Aristotle: Physics, VI, 9, 240 a 1, after R.P. Hardie and R.K. Gaye, in R. McKeon: The Basic Works of Aristotle, New York 1941.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Plato: Timaeus, 38B, transl. F.M. Cornford: Plato’s Cosmology, Cambridge 1937.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    ibid., 38C.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    ibid., 37D.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cf. F. Solmsen: Aristotle’s System of the Physical World, Ithaca, New York 1960, pp. 45–7.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Timaeus, 53D.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Republic, 528E–530C; transi. F.M. Cornford: The Republic of Plato, Oxford 1941, p. 248.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Aristotle: Physics, IV, 10, 218, b 16, after Hardie and Gaye.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    ibid., IV, 11, 218, b 21.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    ibid., IV, 12, 220, b 5.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    ibid., IV, 10, 218, b 14–18.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    ibid., IV, 12, 220, b. 15.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Metaphysics XIII, 8, 1083, b 11, and XIV, 5, 1092 b 7; also De Coelo, III 1, 299 a 24, 300 a 8, 300 a 17.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    ibid., I, 6, 274 a 9; after J.L. Stocks, in McKeon: Op.cit.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Physics, IV, 11, 219 b 3–5, after Hardie and Gaye.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    ibid., VIII, 1, 252 b 5; see also 207 b 14.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    ibid., 251 a 15–252 a 4.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    ibid., IV, 12, 220 b 5.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    ibid., IV, 10, 218 b 3.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. Reichenbach: Space and Time, New York 1958, p. 14; R. Carnap: “Logical Foundations of the Unity of Science”, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Chicago 1955, vol. 1, part 1, pp. 49–50.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Physics, III 1, 200 b 33; transi. P.H. Wicksteed and F.M. Comford: The Physics, London 1929, 2 vols.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    De Coelo, II, 10, 279 a 12–18.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Physics, VIII, 7.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    De Coelo, I and II.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Physics, VIII, 9, 265 a 18 after Hardie and Gaye.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    ibid., VIII, 7, 261 b 5.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    ibid., VIII, 9, 265 b 12.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    ibid., 265 and b 6, after Wicksteed and Cornford.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    De Coelo, II, 6, 288 a 18, transi. W.K.C. Guthrie: On the Heavens, Cambridge, Mass., 1939.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Physics, VIII, 9, 265 a 25, after Hardie and Gaye.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    ibid., 265 b 12.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    De Generatione et Corruptione, II, 10, 337 a 33, trans]. H.H. Joachim, in McKeon: Op.cit.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Physics, IV, 14, 223 b 13, after Hardie and Gaye; see also 221 a 1.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    De Coelo, I, 2, 287 a 23; after Guthrie.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Physics, IV, 14, 223 a 33; after Hardie and Gaye.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. E. Ariotti

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations