Skip to main content

The Nurturing of Natures

  • Chapter

Part of the Wissenschaftsethik und Technikfolgenbeurteilung book series (ETHICSSCI,volume 15)

Abstract

Any mention of human nature raises the question of determinism. When this occurs, it is customary to condemn the silly extremes and to recommend a nature-nurture continuum as the only reasonable option. Looking at my title, “The Nurturing of Natures”, some may think that I stand at the “environmental” end of that continuum, but although environments are important to my story, this needs explanation. Trying to resolve the dichotomy of nature and nurture by putting more weight on one or the other leaves the nature of both “nature” and “nurture” untouched. Instead, we must recast these terms, so that they are no longer seen as candidates for combination or compromise. The reconceptualization of development and evolution that is necessary for this recasting is what the developmental systems approach is about.

Keywords

  • Human Nature
  • Developmental System
  • Developmental Resource
  • Constructivist Interactionism
  • Developmental Interaction

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-50023-7_11
  • Chapter length: 8 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-50023-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Buss LW (1987) The evolution of individuality. Princeton University Press, Princeton

    Google Scholar 

  • Dawkins R (1982) The extended phenotype: The gene as the unit of selection. Freeman, San Francisco

    Google Scholar 

  • Godfrey-Smith P(1999) Genes and codes: Lessons from the philosophy of mind? In: Hardcastle V (ed) Biology meets psychology: Constraints, connections, conjectures. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp 305–331

    Google Scholar 

  • Hendriks-Jansen H (1996) Catching ourselves in the act. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA

    Google Scholar 

  • Herrnstein RJ, Murray C (1994) The bell curve. Free Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Kitcher P (2001) Battling the undead: How (and how not) to resist genetic determinism In: Singh R, Krimbas C, Beatty J and Paul D (eds) Thinking about evolution: Historical, philosophical and political perspectives. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 396–414

    Google Scholar 

  • Lehrman DS (1970) Semantic and conceptual issues in the nature-nurture problem. In: Aronson LR, Tobach E, Lehrman DS and Rosenblatt JS (eds) Development and evolution of behavior: Essays in memory of T C. Schneirla. Freeman, San Francisco, pp 17–52

    Google Scholar 

  • Levins, R and Lewontin, R (1985) The dialectical biologist. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. MA

    Google Scholar 

  • Lewontin RC (1982) Organism and environment. In: Plotkin HC (ed) Learning, development, and culture. Wiley, New York, pp 151–170

    Google Scholar 

  • Maturana HR and Varela FJ (1987) The tree of knowledge. New Science Library, Boston

    Google Scholar 

  • Oyama S (1989) Innate selfishness, innate sociality. Behav Brain Sci 12: 717–718

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Oyama S (1999) Locating development, locating developmental systems. In: Scholnick EK, Nelson, K, Gelman SA and Miller PH (eds) Conceptual development: Piagefs legacy. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, pp 185–208

    Google Scholar 

  • Oyama S (1985/2000) The ontogeny of information: Developmental systems and evolution (2nd ed, rev. and expanded). Duke University Press, Durham, NC (originally published Cambridge University Press)

    Google Scholar 

  • Oyama S (2000a) Causal democracy and causal contributions in DST. Phil Sci 67 (Proceedings), pp 332–347

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Oyama S (2000b) Evolution’s eye: A systems view of the biology-culture divide. Duke University Press, Durham, NC

    Google Scholar 

  • Oyama S (2001) What do you do when all the good words are taken? In: Oyama S, Griffiths P., Gray RD (eds) Cycles of contingency. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp 177–193

    Google Scholar 

  • Sale K (1985) Dwellers in the land : The bioregional vision. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco

    Google Scholar 

  • Varela, FJ, Thompson, E and Rosch E (1991) The embodied mind. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2002 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Oyama, S. (2002). The Nurturing of Natures. In: Grunwald, A., Gutmann, M., Neumann-Held, E.M. (eds) On Human Nature. Wissenschaftsethik und Technikfolgenbeurteilung, vol 15. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-50023-7_11

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-50023-7_11

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-50025-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-50023-7

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive