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Materials with Useful Mechanical Properties

  • Robert E. Newnham
Part of the Crystal Chemistry of Non-Metallic Materials book series (CRYSTAL, volume 2)

Abstract

Inorganic solids are not very elastic. Cohesive strengths are typically 1% of the elastic modulus, which means that the solid elongates only a few percent before breaking. Elastic properties of oxides are nevertheless important in ceramic science and in the geosciences. Most minerals in the earth’s crust are oxides and their stiffness moduli bear special relevance to our understanding of rock mechanics and Scismic wave velocities. Recent developments in acousto-optics and surface waves have also generated interest in the elastic properties of oxides. New materials with unusual elastic behavior are needed for delay-lines and other electronic devices in which an electric signal is converted to an acoustic wave and subsequently re-converted to an electric signal. Elastic coefficients govern the velocity of the acoustic wave, and hence the transit time.

Keywords

Slip System Force Constant Rayleigh Wave Cleavage Plane Elastic Stiffness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Newnham
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Research LaboratoryThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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