Advertisement

Borago Officinalis

  • P. A. G. M. De Smet
Part of the Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs book series (HERBAL DRUGS, volume 2)

Abstract

The garden herb Borago officinalis L. (Boraginaceae) is commonly known as borage (E.), Boretsch (G), and bourrache (F.). Other English names include burrage, bee bread, ox’s tongue, and cool tankard. The herb may also be referred to as bugloss in herbalistic sources, but this vernacular name is confusing, as it is also used for Anchusa officinalis (bugloss), Lycopsis arvensis (small bugloss), and Echium vulgare (viper’s bugloss) [1–3].

Keywords

Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Garden Herb Adverse Reaction Profile Tussilago Farfara Lycops Amine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gessner O, Orzechowski G (1974). Gift- und Arzneipflanzen von Mitteleuropa. 3. Auflage. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pp 408–409Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lust J (1974) The Herb Book. Toronto: Bantam Books, p 132Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Awang DVC (1990) Borage. Can Pharm J 123:121–126Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Franz G (1969) Untersuchungen über die Schleimpolysaccharide von Tussilago farfara L., Symphytum officinalis L., Borago officinalis L. und Viola tricolor L. Planta Med 17:217–220PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hegnauer R (1964) Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen. Band 3: Dicotyledoneae, I. Teil. Von Acanthaceae bis Cyrillaceae. Basel: Birkhäuser Verlag, pp 297–301Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tyler VE (1987) The New Honest Herbal. A sensible guide to herbs and related remedies. 2nd edn. Philadelphia: George F. Stickley Company, pp 40–41Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Carnat AP, Laurent P, Lamaison JL (1988) L’huile de graines de bourrache (Borago officinalis L.): une source interessante d’acide gamma-linolenique. J Pharm Belg 43:359–363Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lüthy J, Brauchli J, Zweifel U, Schmid P, Schlatter Ch (1984) Pyrrolizidin-Alkaloide in Arzneipflanzen der Boraginaceen: Borago officinalis L. und Pulmonaria officinalis L. Pharm Acta Helv 59:242–246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Brauchli-Theotokis J (1987) Zur toxikologischen Beurteilung der Pyrrolizidin-Alkaloide in den Arzneipflanzen Symphytum officinale und Borago officinalis. Zürich: Eidgenössische Technische HochschuleGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Larson KM, Roby MR, Stermitz FR (1984) Unsaturated pyrrolizidines from borage (Borago officinalis), a common garden herb. J Nat Prod 47:747–748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dodson CD, Stermitz FR (1986) Pyrrolizidine alkaloids from borage (Borago officinalis) seeds and flowers. J Nat Prod 49:727–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hegnauer R (1958) Over de verspreiding van blauwzuur bij vaatplanten. Pharm Weekbl 93:801–819PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Van Valen F (1979) Contribution to the knowledge of cyanogenesis in Angiosperms. 12. Communication. Cyanogenesis in Boraginaceae. Proc K Ned Akad Wet Serie C Biol Med Sci 82:171–176Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Suganda AG, Amoros M, Girre L, Fauconnier B (1983) Effets inhibiteurs de quelques extraits bruts et semipurifiés de plantes indigènes françaises sur la multiplication de l’herpesvirus humain 1 et du poliovirus humain 2 en culture cellulaire. J Nat Prod 46:626–632PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pullman-Mooar S, Laposata M, Lem D, Holman RT, Leventhal LJ, DeMarco D, Zurier RB (1990) Alteration of the cellular fatty acid profile and the production of eicosanoids in human monocytes by gamma-linolenic acid. Arthr Rheum 33: 1526–1533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Westendorf J (1992) Pyrrolizidine alkaloids — general discussion. In: De Smet PAGM, Keller K, Hänsel R, Chandler RF (ed) (1992) Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs. Volume 1. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp 193–205Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hanning E (1950) Borago officinalis als Heil- und Gewürzpflanze I kritischexperimenteller Betrachtung. Pharmazie 5:35–40Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anonymous (1990) Avis aux fabricants concernant les demandes d’autorisation de mise sur le marché des médicaments à base de plantes. Bulletin Officiel no.90/22 bis. Paris: Ministère des Affairs Sociales et de la SolidaritéGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Anonymous (1991) Monographie: Borago (Boretsch). Bundes Anzeiger nr.127, 12 July 1991Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Anonymous (1990) Vorinformation Pyrrolizidinalkaloidhaltige Humanarzneimittel. Pharm Ztg 135:2532–2533, 2623–2624Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kruger R (1991) POS Pilot Plant Corp., Saskatoon (Canada). Personal communication June, 1991Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mills DE, Prkachin KM, Harvey KA, Ward RP (1989) Dietary fatty acid supplementation alters stress reactivity and performance in man. J Hum Hypertens 3:111–116PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mitchell J, Rook A (1979) Botanical dermatology. Plants and plant products injurious to the skin. Greengrass: Vancouver, p 140Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Graham RCB, Noble RL (1955) Comparison of in vitro acitivity of various species of Lithospermum and other plants to inactivate gonadotropin. Endocrinology 56: 239–247PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bunce OR, Wade AE, Abou-El-Ela SH, Prasse KW (1989) The effect of varying dietary levels and types of omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids on mammary tumorigenesis in rats. Fed Am Soc Exp Biol J 3:A470Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. G. M. De Smet

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations