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Vibrational kinetics in nonequilibrium systems is a research field of current interest due to its interconnection with different areas such as plasmachemistry, plasmaphysics, laser chemistry, laser modelling, dynamics of expanding flows, and atmospheric phenomena. It essentially deals with the study of the possibility of achieving vibrational distributions far from the Boltzmann ones, a problem which is linked to the interplay of the different microscopic processes acting in the system. Great impetus to this research field has come from the discovery of important IR laser systems such as CO2/N2/He and CO/He. Rationalization and optimization of the laser output of these systems has been one of the most important achievements of nonequilibrium vibrational kinetics.
KeywordsDiatomic Molecule Electron Energy Distribution Function Nonequilibrium System Microscopic Process Laser Chemistry
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