Epidural spinal cord stimulation (ESCS) has been scientifically documented as a potent measure in the treatment of chronic pain for over 20 years . The first ESCS application in the treatment of ischemic rest pain was in 1976 by Cook et al. . Since 1986, we have studied the clinical effects of ESCS in patients with non-reconstructable peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) .
- Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease
- Rest Pain
- Phantom Limb Pain
- Tuohy Needle
- Epidural Puncture
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