Evolution and use of generic markup languages

  • Pamela L. Gennusa


This article will provide:
  • a brief overview of the key concepts of generic markup languages used for structured documents;

  • an introduction to the two most prominent languages in use, SGML and XML, and their respective families of related standards; and

  • reflections on the impact of the use of these languages to structure documents in the real world.


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    Bush, Vannevar: As We May Think. In: The Atlantic Monthly (July 1945)Google Scholar
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    Originally, in 1985, CALS stood for Computer Aided Logistic Support, an initiative created by the US Department of Defense. Shortly after the term was coined, the meaning was changed to Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistic Support. In the early 90’s, the meaning was again modified to Continuous Acquisition and Lifecycle Support and later to Commerce At Lightening Speed. The goal of the CALS initiative was to have all documentation in support of a weapon system available in electronic format. This implied the use of electronic data standards. By 1990, other NATO members were beginning to examine the use of CALS concepts and these ideas were also being ç pushed out to the private sector.Google Scholar
  3. (Chahuneau 1998).
    Chahuneau, François: SGML schemas: From SGML DTDs to XML-DATA. In: Conference Proceedings SGML/XML Europe’ 98,1998Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela L. Gennusa

There are no affiliations available

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