Distributed Computing System Architectures : Hardware

Presented at NATO Advanced Study Institude, August 86 Izmir, Turkey
  • M. Bozyigit
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 28)


Distributed Computing System(DCS) architectures have taken various forms through a considerably short development stage. In a DCS the underlying hardware characteristics are to be transparent to the application level processing. This transparency is regarded to be the function of the operating systems. The standardization efforts in communication protocols and layered approach in the analysis of DCSs has contributed to the advances in distributed control, thus the distributed operating systems.

Fortunately, most distributed architectures are of one of several inds: computer communication networks, local area networks, and various multicomputer systems ( often merged with the first two). The tightly coupled multiprocessor systems, associative processors, data flow machines, and similar parallel architectures are strictly excluded from our discussion of the DCSs.

In this presentation the emphasis is given to computer networks, local area networks, and the channel sharing mechanisms such as point-to-point and multi-point connections which have been basis of the communication medium in many DCSs.


Distributed Computing Systems(DCS) DCS Architectures Distributed Operating System Computer Communication Network Local Area Network Multicomputer System Communication Channel Point-to-point and multipoint connections 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    W.A. WULF, C.G. BALL, “C.mmp- a multi mini processor”,AFIPS Conf Proc Vol.41, Pt.2, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.J. SWAN, S.H. FULLER, D.P. SIEWIOREK, “Cm*- A modular multiprocessor”, AFIPS Conf Proc Vol.46, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.McQUILLAN, D.C. WALDEN, “The ARPA design decisions’, Computer Networks, Vol.1, Aug 1977.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. POUZIN, “Presentation and major design aspects of the CYCLADE computer network,” Proceedings of 3rd ACM Data Comm Conf., Nov. 1972.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.L.A. BARBER, “Operating experience with NPL networks”, Proc of ACM Symp on Computer Networks, IRIA, 1972.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. BOZYIGIT, A Dense Variable Topology Multicomputer System: Specifications and Performance Analysis; Report, PCL, London 1979.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.S. TANENBAUM, Computer Networks; Printice-Hall Inc., 1983.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.J. FARBER, “The distributed computer system”, Proc. 7th Annual IEEE Comp. Soc. Int. Conf. 1973.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.M. METCALF, D. BOGGS, “Ethernet: Distributed packet switching for local computer networks”, Comm ACM,Vol.19,1976.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. TSAY, M.T. LIU, “MIKE: A network operating system for the distributed double-loop computer network”, IEEE Trans SE, Vol.SE-9, No.2, March 1983.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.D. WITTIE, A.M.V. TILBORG, “MICROS,A distributed operating system for MICRONET, a reconfigurable network computer”, IEEE Trans SE, Vol.C-29, No.12, Dec 1980.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ANSI/IEEE Standars for Local Area Networks, “Carrier sence multiple- access with collission detection (CSMA/CD) access methods and physical layer specifications, 802.3”, May 1985.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    ANSI/IEEE Standars for Local Area Networks, “Token-passing bus access method and physical layer specifications, 802.4”, May 1985.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    ANSI/IEEE Standards for Local Area Networks, “Token ring access method and physical layer specifications, 802.5”, MayGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J.R.PIERCE, “Network for block switching of data”, Bell Sys Tech Journal 51, NO.6, july 1972.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D.J. FARBER, “A ring network”, Datamation 21, Feb 1975.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A.G. FRASER, “SPIDER-a data communication experiment”, Tech Report 23, Bell Lab, 1974.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Joint Network Team, Cambridge 82 protocol specification, Computer Board and Research Council, Dept of Education and Science, 1982.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.W. WILKES, D.J. WHEELER, “The Cambridge digital communication ring”, Proc Local Area Communication Network Symp., MITRE and NBS, Boston, May 1979.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    CORNAFION, Distributed Computing System, Elsevier Science Publ, 1985.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    B.W. LAMPSON, M. PAUL, H.J. SIEGERT, (ed.), Distributed Systems: Architecture and Implementation, Springer-Verlag, 1981.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    N. ABRAMSON, “The ALOHA system”, in Computer Communication Networks, (Eds. Abramson, Kuo), Prentice Hall, 1973.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A.DANET, R. DESPRES, A. LE REST, G.PICHON,“The French public packet switching service: The TRANSPAC network”, Proc 3rd ICCC, 1976.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. JEGU, “The Euronet Network”, Proc. Regional Seminar on Computer Networks, (Ed. M. Bozyigit), METU, Ankara, 1980.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    A. MEIJER, P.PEETERS, Computer Network Architectures, Computer Sicence Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Y. PAKER, H. ENGLISH, M. BOZYIGIT, “NPL multicomputer ring modelling and simulation”, in Ring Technology Local Area Network, (Eds. Dallas, Spratt), North-Holland, 1984.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D.P. SIEWIOREK, C.G. BELL, A. NEWELL, Computer Structures: Principles and Examples, McGraw-Hill, 1982.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    W. BUX, F. CLOSS, P.A. JANSON, K. KUMMERLE, H.R. MULLER, E.H. ROTHAUSER, “A local are communication network based on a reliable token ring system”, Proc IFIP TC6 Symp on LANs, (Eds. Ravasio, Hopkin, Naffah), North-holland, 1982.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    W.P. SHARP, A.R. CASH, Cambridge Ring 82 Interface Specifications, Report, UK SERC, Joint Network Team, Sep. 1982.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. TEMPLE, The Design of a Ring Communication Network, Report# 53, University of Cambridge Computer Lab., Jan. 1984.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Bozyigit
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer EngineeringMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations