Theory of Real Gases

Part of the Handbuch der Physik / Encyclopedia of Physics book series (HDBPHYS, volume 3 / 12)


Any one of the relations of Gibbs [1] between the appropriate thermodynamic potential of the system and the corresponding partitio function may be used as a starting equation for deriving the equilibrium properties of a system. The evaluation of the partition function is usually somewhat easier and more direct for the Grand Canonical Ensemble of Gibbs than for either the Macro Canonical or the Micro Canonical. The Grand Canonical Ensemble is appropriate for the description of a system whose thermodynamic state is described by giving the volume, V, the absolute temperature, T, and the values of the chemical potential, µ a , per molecule for all species, a, of molecules composing the system.


Partition Function Nuclear Spin Pair Distribution Function Grand Canonical Ensemble Positive Real Axis 
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    Glans, Willard: Elementary Principles in Statistical Mechanics. New Haven: Yale University Press 1902.Google Scholar
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    Hirschfelder, J. O., C. F. Curtiss and R. B. Bird: Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids. New York: John Wiley & Sons, London: Chapman and Hall 1954.Google Scholar
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    Neumann, J. v.: Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik. Berlin: Springer 1932. In English translated by R. T. Beyer, Princeton University Press 1955.Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag OHG. Berlin · Göttingen · Heidelberg 1958

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